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Flashcards in Chap 1 Deck (84):
1

Thoracic

Above diaphragm
Lungs, heart, esophagus, trachea, thymus within the
mediastinum- region between lungs

2

Cranial

Houses the brain

3

Pelvic

Enclosed by pelvic bones
End of large intestine, urinary bladder, reproductive organs

4

Vertebral

Spinal cavity that contains the spinal cord and sections of the backbone

5

Axial portion

Head, neck, trunk

6

Appendicular portion

Upper and lower limbs

7

Parietal membrane

Membrane folds back to cover the lungs

8

Visceral membrane

Covers organs in abdominopelvic cavity

9

Serous membrane

Lines walls of thoracic and abdominal cavities and fold back to cover organs inside
Create slippery serous fluid that separates the wall from the organs

10

Pleural membrane

Thin film of serous fluids that separates the parietal and visceral membranes
Potential space is the pleural cavity

11

Pericardial membrane

Surrounds the heart

12

Peritoneal membrane

Line the walls of abdominopelvic cavity

13

Abdominal

From diaphragm to floor of pelvis
Viscera organs are stomach, liver, spleen, gallbladder, small and large intestines

14

Integumentary system

Skin and accessory organs
Hair, nails, sweat glands, sebaceous glands
Protect tissue and regulate body temp

15

Skeletal system

Bones as well as ligaments and cartilages
Provide framework and protective shields
Bones produce blood cells

16

Muscular system

Muscles
Move body parts, maintain posture, primary source of body heat

17

Nervous system

Brain, spinal cord, nerves, sense organs
Send nerve impulses to communicate with muscles and glands

18

Endocrine system

All glands that secrete hormones

19

Cardiovascular system

Heart, arteries, capillaries, veins, blood
Pumps blood throughout the body

20

Lymphatic system

Lymphatic vessels, lymph fluid, lymph nodes, thymus, spleen
Transports fluid from spaces in tissues to the blood stream

21

Digestive system

Mouth, tongue, teeth, salivary glands, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, small and large intestines
Breaks down food into simpler forms

22

Respiratory system

Nasal cavity, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs
Take air in and out and exchanges gases between blood and air

23

Urinary system

Kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra
Removes waste from the body including urine

24

Reproductive system

Male has scrotum, testes, epididymides, ductus deferentia, seminal vesicles, prostate gland, bulbourethral glands, urethra, penis
Produces sperm
Woman had ovaries, uterine tubes, uterus, vagina, clitoris, vulva
Produces females eggs

25

Anatomical position

Standing erect, face forward, arms at sides, palms forwards

26

Erect

Standing upright or straight

27

Supine

Lying face up

28

Superior

Above another part or closer to the head

29

Inferior

Below another part or towards the feet

30

Anterior

Toward the front

31

Posterior

Toward the back

32

Medial

Imaginary missing dividing body between left and right halves, a part is medial if it is closer to the line than another part

33

Lateral

Toward the side using medial reference

34

Ipsilateral

Structure on same side

35

Contralateral

Structures on opposite side

36

Proximal

Closer to trunk of body or to another point of reference than another part

37

Distal

Farther from trunk or from another point of reference than another part

38

Superficial

Near the surface

39

Peripheral

Near surface, describes blood vessels and nerves

40

Deep

Describes more internal parts

41

Sagittal

Length wise cut that divides body into right and left portions

42

Transverse

Horizontal cut that divides body into superior and inferior portions

43

Coronal

Divides body into anterior and posterior portions

44

Cross

Cut across the structure

45

Longitudinal

Lengthwise cut across a structure

46

Oblique

Angular cut across a structure

47

Epigastric

Upper middle portion

48

Hypochondriac

Left or right of upper middle/epigastric

49

Umbilical

Central portion

50

Lumbar

Left or right side of central/umbilical

51

Hypogastric

Lower middle portion

52

Iliac

Left or right of lower middle/hypogastric

53

Right upper quadrant

Abdominal area, RUQ

54

Right lower quadrant

Abdominal area, RLQ

55

Left upper quadrant

Abdominal area, LUQ

56

Left lower quadrant

Abdominal area, LLQ

57

Acromial

Point of the shoulder

58

Antebrachial

Forearm

59

Axillary

Armpit

60

Buccal

Cheek

61

Sural

Calf of leg

62

Cervical

Neck

63

Crural

Leg

64

Femoral

Thigh

65

Genital

Reproductive organs

66

Gluteal

Butt

67

Inguinal

Groin

68

Mental

Chin

69

Occipital

Lower posterior region of head

70

Orbital

Eye cavity

71

Vertebral

Spinal column

72

Umbilical

Navel/ belly button

73

Otic

Ear

74

Palmar

Palm of hand

75

Pectoral

Chest

76

Tarsal

Ankle

77

Pedal

Foot

78

Perineal

Between anus and external reproductive organs

79

Plantar

Sole of foot

80

Popliteal

Behind knee

81

Sacral

Posterior region between hipbones

82

Sternal

Middle of thorax

83

Patellar

Knee cap

84

Lumbar

Lower back between ribs and pelvis / loin