Chapter 8 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8 Deck (49):
1

Cartilaginous joints

Two or more bones joined by cartilage

2

Synarthrosis

Immovable

3

Amphiarthrosis

Slightly moveable

4

Diarthrosis

Freely moveable

5

Anul-

Ring

6

Arth-

Joint

7

Burs-

Bag

8

Fov-

Pit

9

Glen-

Joint socket

10

Labr-

Lip

11

Ov-

Egg like

12

Sutur-

Sewing

13

Syndesm-

Binding together

14

Syndesmosis

Bones bound by sheet of dense connective tissue
Flexible and is amphiarthrotic
Between tibia and fibula

15

Suture

Between flat bones of skull

16

Gomphosis

Union of cone-shaped bony process in a bony socket
Tooth

17

Symphysis

Bones covered by thin layer of hyaline cartilage which is attached to a pad of fibrocartilage
Pubis

18

Synchondrosis

Bands of hyaline cartilage unite bones
Epiphyseal plate

19

Synovial

Joints that allow free movement
Consist of articular cartilage, joint capsule, synovial membrane

20

Articular cartilage

This later of hyaline cartilage
Resists wear

21

Joint capsule

Envelope attached to end of each bone at joint, enclosing cavity of synovial joint

22

Synovial membrane

Forms inner lining of capsule of freely moveable joint

23

Synovial fluid

Synovial membrane secretes this fluid

24

Bursa

Saclike, fluid filled structure line with synovial membrane near joint

25

Ligaments

Cord or sheet of connective tissue binding two of more bones at a joint

26

Meniscus

Fibrocartilage that separates articulating surface of bones in knee

27

Ball and socket

Bone with spherical mass on one end joined with bone that has a complementary hollow depression

28

Condylar joint

Bone with ovoid projection at one end joined with bone with complementary elliptical cavity

29

Pivot joint

End of bone moving within a ring formed by another bone and connective tissue

30

Hinge joint

Two or more bones joined where convex of one bone fits into complementary concave end of another

31

Plane/gliding joint

Nearly flat of slightly curved
allow sliding band and forth motion

32

Saddle joint

Two bones joined each with a convex and concave surface that are complementary

33

Flexion

Bending at a joint to decrease angel between bones

34

Extension

Movement increasing angle between parts at a joint

35

Hyperextension

Extreme extension

36

Abduction

Movement of part of body away from midline

37

Adduction

Movement of body part towards midline

38

Dorsiflexion

Ankle movement that brings foot closer to shin

39

Plantar flexion

Ankle movement that brings foot farther from shin

40

Circumduction

Movement of body part such as limb so end follow circular path

41

Supination

Upward rotation of palm of hand

42

Probation

Downward rotation of palm of hand

43

Medial and lateral rotation

Toward and away from midline

44

Protraction

Forward movement of body part

45

Retraction

Movement of body part toward back

46

Elevation

Upward movement of body part

47

Depression

Downward displacement

48

Inversion and eversion

Turning sold of foot inward or outward

49

Fibrous joints

Two or more bones joined by connective tissue containing many fibers