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Flashcards in chapte 14 Deck (44):
1

what do physical and mental illness have in common

both have a biological basis

2

the medical model

comparing mental illness to physical disease

3

criteria of abnormal behavior

1. deviance
2. maladaptive behavior
2. personal distress

4

observable, specific situations

phobic disorders

5

observable, more generalized

agoraphobia and panic disorder

6

observable. widely generalized

GAD and OCD

7

inferred, generalized

somatoform and dissociative disorders

8

generalized anxiety disorder

-free floating anxiety with no specific cause
-continuing worry

9

phobic disorder
-2 types

1. specific phobias
2. social anxiety disorders

10

specific phobias
-ex

if a dog bites you, you might be afraid of all dogs

11

social anxiety disorder

fear of embarrassing yourself in public

12

panic disorders

feels symptoms of a heart attack
-spontaneous, abrupt
-have to have recurrent panic attack for more than 1 month

13

agoraphobia

fear that something is going to happen (panic attack) and person cannot get help

14

OCD
-definition
-2 things involved
-when do they emerge

-persistent unwanted fearful thoughts
-1. obsessions
2. compulsions
-before age 30

15

obsessions

irrational thoughts

16

compulsions

ritualistic behaviors

17

etiology of anxiety disorders: biological factors
-evolutionary predisposition
-anxiety sensitivity theory
-neurochemical activity

-biological awareness
-people might experience anxiety differently
-GABA deficiency = anxiety (makes them more excitable)

18

dissociative disorders
-definition
-3 types

-person loses contact with memory
-1. dissociative amnesia
2. dissociative fugue
3. dissociative identity disorder

19

dissociative amnesia
-definition
-ex

-forgetting a specific event and everything surrounding it
-car crash, attack

20

dissociative fugue

person doesn't know who they are so they leave the area
-experience generalized amnesia

21

dissociative identity disorder
-known as
-definition

-split personality
-2 or more personalities within an ind.

22

types of amnesia

1. generalized
2. continuous
3. anterograde

23

generalized amnesia

forget event and anything before that

24

continuous amnesia

cannot make new memories after event

25

anterograde amnesia

from physical brain injury

26

dissociative identity disorder
-4 types

1. mutually cognizant
2. mutually amnesia
3. one way amnesia
4. switching

27

mutually cognizant

all of the personalities are aware of others

28

mutually amnesia

none of the personalities are aware of others

29

one way amnesia

some are aware of the personalities but not all

30

switching

going from one personality to another

31

mood disorders
-2 types

-depressive
-bipolar

32

depressive disorders
-3 types

1. major depression
2. dysthymia
3. seasonal affective disorder

33

major depression
-symptoms

1. change in appetite
2. change in sleep
3. mood swings
4. decrease involvement in activity
5. feeling of overwhelming sadness

34

major depression
-characterized by
-rule out

-1 major depressive episode
-any experience of mania

35

dysthymia

-chronic mild form of major depression
-overwhelming sadness (2 years)

36

seasonal affective disorder
-deficiency in
-occurs where

-vitamin D
-areas where there isn't enough sunlight

37

bipolar disorder
-definition
-2 types

-bouts of mania and bouts of depression (more depression)
- bipolar I and bipolar II

38

mania

feeling elated, unstoppable (risky behavior)

39

bipolar I

regular bipolar disorder

40

bipolar II

hypomania and depressive episodes
-not as intense and bipolar I

41

schizophrenia
-6 processes

1. incoherence (makes no sense)
2. neologisms (making up words)
3. word salad
4. loose associations
5. clang associations (rhyming behavior)
6. echolalia (repeating back what they heard)

42

schizophrenia: content

delusions, false beliefs

43

delusions
-definition
-ex

false belief
-someone is after me

44

hallucinations

hear, smell, taste, see something that is not there