Chapter 6 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 6 Deck (21):
1

self-schemas
-definition
-ex

beliefs about yourself
-what experiences do i have to allow me to say " i am athletic"

2

possible self
-definition
-ex

-any self that we aspire to be
-i want to be a nurse

3

self-perceptions
-definition
-3 types

-how you see yourself
-1. actual
2. ideal
3. ought

4

actual self

how you actually behave

5

ideal self

who you aspire to be at your best

6

ought self

what you feel like you have to do; societies demands

7

self discrepancies
-definition
-discrepancy between actual and ought

-when you have a discrepancy between actual and ideal (disappointed, discouraged)
-anxious

8

social comparison theory

used to give us some feedback for comparison

9

reference group
-definition
-2 groups

-comparing yourself to improve
-inferior and superior

10

reference group: superior

more likely to motivate and improve behavior

11

better than average effect

we tend to rate ourselves as above average

12

N-effect

idea that number of people you are comparing yourself to the less competitive we tend to feel

13

self esteem
-definition
-2 types

assessment of your own self-worth
-1. trait
2. state

14

trait self-esteem

enduring sense of confidence in abilities; consistent over time

15

state self-esteem

how you feel in the moment

16

negative criticism: self esteem vs narcissism

self esteem: may go one ear out the other; ignore it
narcissism: sees criticism as a high threat

17

self-perception
-2 types

-automatic processing and controlled processing

18

automatic processing

default mode; no thinking

19

controlled processing
-requires
-provides

requires cognitive thinking
-provides accuracy/effort to change in future

20

explanatory style
-optimistic
-pessimistic

-always positive
-always negative

21

methods of self-enhancement
-3 motives

1. self-assessment
2. self-verification
3. self-enhancement