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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Deck (20):
1

the paradox of progress
-definition
-ex

even though there are great advantages, it has created more problems
-cell phones

2

what should you look for in sources of enlightenment?

1. clarity in communication
2. look for books that do not promote too much in the way of immediate change
3. credentials of author
4. that it comes from a research basis
5. Books that provide detailed, explicit directions about how to alter your behavior
6. books that focus on a particular problem

3

operation definition

with what definition are you operating

4

psychology

the science that studies behavior and the physiological and mental processes that underlie it and it is the profession that applies the accumulated knowledge of this science to practical problems

5

adjustment

the physiological process through which people manage or cope with the demands and challenges of everyday life

6

the scientific approach
-commitment to empiricism
-2 advantages

-knowledge gained through observation
-1. clarity and precision
2. relative intolerance for error

7

experimental research
-advantage
-4 components

-can draw cause and effect conclusions
-1. IV
2. DV
3. experimental group
4. control group

8

independent variable

variable being manipulated by reseacher

9

dependent variable

variable whose value depends on that of another

10

experimental group

receives the "special" treatment in regard to IV

11

control group
-definition
-why are they randomly assigned

standard treatment
-so that data is not skewed

12

correlational research
-what does it do
-component

-try to find relationships
-correlation coefficient

13

correlation coefficient
-depends on what 2 things

strength and direction

14

correlation coefficient: strength
-numbers
-closer to 1
-further away from 0

- -1.00 to 0 to +1.00
-closer to 1 = stronger the relationship
-further away from 0 = more reliable

15

correlation coefficient: direction
-positive (definition; ex)
-negative (definition; ex)

-travelling in same direction; hours studying and gpa
-travelling in opposite direction; hours partying and gpa

16

3 common methods of finding correlations between variables

1. naturalistic observation
2. case studies
3. surveys

17

naturalistic observation

observing people doing normal things (they don't know they are being watched)

18

case studies

spending alot of time on 1 people to gather as much data as possible

19

surveys

allows us to gather alot of info on alot of people in a short amount of time

20

advantage of correlational research
-disadvantage

allows exploration of variables not suitable for manipulation
-the third variable problem