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Flashcards in Chapter 10 Deck (34):
1

challenges to traditional marriage

1. increases acceptance to single hood
2. increased acceptance to cohabitation
3. reduced premium on permanence
4. transition in gender roles
5. increased voluntary childlessness
6. decline in the traditional nuclear family

2

traditional marriage

man and women
-women stays home with kids while man works
-shared finances
-common residence
-shared responsibility for children

3

monogamy

married to one spouse

4

polygamy

several spouses

5

endogamy
-definition
-ex

we tend to marry with in our own social group
-hometown

6

homogamy

marrying people that we are similar to

7

stimulus-value-role: stimulus
-definition
-ex

-non-interactional
-physical attractiveness is assessed

8

stimulus-value-role: value
-definition
-ex

-start comparing values; getting acquainted
-religion, values and beliefs; goals and intelligence

9

stimulus-value-role: role
-definition
-ex

how do they work together
-division of mutually assigned roles

10

intergenerational "divorce cycle"

individual who have divorced parents tend to believe that divorce is likely to happen

11

predictors of marital success

1. age
2. length of courtship
3. personality traits
4. quality of premarital communication
5. stress

12

when is there a tendency to shift towards traditional marriage
-which jobs are a priority?

when its not an active conversation about who does what
-males

13

dual career couples challenges

1. both have work and career troubles
2. disruption in bond with children (after age 1 = no impact)

14

dual career couples advantages

1. facing challenges can enhance marriage
2. lower rates of poverty
3. decrease hyperactivity

15

vulnerable areas in marriage

1. role expectation
2. work and family balance
3. financial difficulties
4. inadequate communication

16

financial difficulties

cause hostility in husbands

17

inadequate communication
-study

four horsemen of the "apocolypse" (plus one)

18

four horsemen of the apocolypse

1. criticism
2. contempt
3. defensiveness
4. stonewalling
5. belligerence

19

criticism
-definition
-antidote

-negative evaluation on partner; attack ind.
-using "I" statements to express feelings then say something positive

20

contempt
-definition
-antidote

-communicating insulting feelings and suggesting superiority
-acknowledging positive aspects in relationships

21

defensiveness
-definition
-antidote

-blaming partner and playing the victim
-take responsibility

22

stonewalling
-definition
-antidote

-withdraw communication
-break for at least 20 mins then return to conversation

23

belligerence
-definition
-antidote

-being provocative or combative; pushes partners limits
-avoid being combative; emphasize positives

24

divorce
-percent
-most occur during

-43-46%
-1st 10 years

25

contributing social trends to divorce as an option

1. social stigma
2. smaller family sizes
3. entry of women in work place
4. individual should be happy; ind. fulfillment
5. divorce is easier now

26

men: post divorce

health and mortality rates are high

27

divorce: effects on children

depends on age, parents conflict, etc.
-very complex

28

step families progress through stages

1. fantasy
2. immersion
3. awareness
4. mobilization
5. action
6. contact
7. resolution

29

cohabitation
-many see as
-associated with

-trial marriage
-discord, not success

30

partner abuse
-includes these forms of battery

1. physical abuse (kicking, choking)
2. emotional abuse (humiliation, control, withholding money)
3. sexual abuse

31

partner abuse
-risk factors

substance abuse, unemployment, ind. who are angered easily, stress, jealousy

32

partner abuse
-why do people stay?

1. lack of financial independence
2. fear of becoming homeless
3. shame, guilt
4. fear that leaving will escalate attacks

33

date rape
-contributing factors

1. alc and drugs
2. encourage sexual activity for men
3. miscommunication about consent

34

date rape
-characteristics of perpetrators

1. attitudes of male dominance
2. low opinion of women