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Flashcards in chapter 9 Deck (33):
1

3 factor underlie initial attraction between strangers

1. proximity
2. familiarity
3. physical attractiveness

2

proximity
-definition
-ex

physical closeness
-where you live, work, etc. influences relationships

3

familiarity
-definition
-type of effect

-how much have you been exposed to them
-mere-exposure effect

4

mere-exposure effect

the more exposure you have = more positive evaluation

5

physical attractiveness
-type of effect
-what does this do
-changes?

-halo
-we are able to trust more, give creditability, intelligence
-can change once we get to know them

6

what makes someone attractive?
-3 things

1. facial features
2. physique
3. expressive traits

7

facial features
-4 female
-2 male

-1. symmetry
2. high cheek bones
3. large eyes (blue)
4. blonde hair
-1. jaw line
2. clean facial hair

8

what type of features are high cheek bones, large eyes and blonde hair suggest in a female

neonate features

9

what do jaw line and clean cut facial hair suggest

testosterone

10

physique

waist to hip ratio

11

expressive trait example

smiling

12

halo effect

"what looks good must be good"

13

the matching hypothesis

we pick people that are similar to our attractiveness

14

parental investment theory
-definition
-females

how much does each partner have to invest
-tend to be more selective than males

15

2 factors affecting viability of relationships

1. reciprocal liking
2. similarity

16

reciprocal liking

idea that if someone likes you, you show interest and then they show a liking back

17

similarity

we are more like people who we are friends with
-we are much more similar than we are different

18

relationship maintenance
-minding
-definition of minding
-what does it involve

active ongoing process involved in active listening and active disclosure
-involves making positive attributions about your partners behavior

19

interdependence or social exchange theory
-2 things

1. comparison level
2. investment

20

comparison level

-expectations for a desired relationship
-subjective

21

investment
-addition or subtraction
-definition
-ex

-only addition in equation
-anything that you put in relationship that you can't take back
-time, money

22

what makes a good friend?

trust, loyalty, provide stability

23

friendship
-gender issues with women
-gender issues with men

women tend to have more intimate relationships with women
-men may have same intimacy with other men but don't show in same way

24

who is more emotional or activity basis? men or women?

emotional - women
activity basis - men

25

repairing conflict in friendships
-3 steps

1. reproach
2. remedy
3. acknowledgement

26

reproach

bring up that you are hurt

27

remedy

friend either apologizes or gives excuse

28

acknoledgement

forgive or realize that conflict isn't restored

29

heterosexism in relationship research

we assume that everyone is heterosexual and homosexual is invisible

30

sternberg's triangular theory of love
-3 components

1. intimacy
2. passion
3. commitment

31

intimacy

closeness, warmth and sharing

32

passion
-definition
-positive
-negative

intense emotions that we experience
-excitement, sexual desire
-betrayal, jealousy

33

commitment

decision to go through relationship regardless of conflict