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1

Psychology is the study of

mental processes and behaviour

2

What are mental processes?

activities of our brain when engaged in thinking, observing the environment and using language

3

What is behaviour?

observable activities of an organism

4

what are the four goals of psychology?

description, explanation, prediction, control

5

when studying why a certain behaviour or mental process occurs, one can study the influences of:

the brain, the individual and the group

6

What is analyzed in the brain?

how brain structure and brain activity differ from person to person and situation to situation

7

What is analyzed in the person

How the content of the individual's mental processes form and influence behaviour

8

What is analyzed in the group?

how behaviour is shaped by the social and cultural environments

9

Philosophy is the study of

knowledge and the reality

10

How did philosophy lead to modern day scientific theory?

philosophers posed questions and then discussed proposed solutions

11

who used direct observation to test his theory of medicine?

hippocrates

12

Hippocrates developed one of the first psychological theories:

physical and psychological health are influenced by the four humours: blood, phlegm, yellow bile and black bile. This identified a persons character and he identified the brain as organ of mental life

13

socrates believed truth lies in mind and is

highly dependent upon subjective states

14

plato believed certain areas are...

pure and represent an ultimate reality

15

aristotle wrote about

sensations, dreams, sleep and learning

16

spiritual view was replaced by world based on mathematics and mechanics between centuries

1400 and 1600

17

Wilhelm Wundt was considered to be the

father of psychology

18

Wilhelm Wundt established the first..

psychology lab in 1879

19

Wilhelm Wundt started a branch of psychology called .... where he studied...

voluntarism, consciousness

20

What is structuralism

an attempt to try to identify all of the basic elements of consciousness.

21

What method does structuralism use?

introspection

22

Edward Thitchener was a student of Wundt who formed the school of

structuralism in the US

23

What is functionalism?

the belief that mental processes were fluid (stream of consciousness) instead of fixed elements as structuralists thought

24

Functionalism emphasized the functions of the mind in

adapting to a changing environment

25

William James set up the first...

psychology lab in the US at Harvard

26

William James wrote the first...

psychology textbook, Principles of psychology

27

... psychology says consciousness cannot be broken down into small elements

Gestalt

28

According to Gestalt we perceive things as...

whole perceptual units

29

where does "the whole is greater than the sum of its parts" come from?

Gestalt Psychology

30

According to Gestalt Psychology, problem solving...

involves insight