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Flashcards in Chapter 9 Deck (56)
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1

Language facilitates

thinking, problem solving and decision making.

2

Language is unique to

humans and supports creative and progressive social interaction

3

Language production

the structured and convention expression of thoughts through words

4

Speech

the expression of language through sounds

5

Language comprehension

the process of understanding spoke, written or signed language

6

6 characteristics of language production

Phonology, Phoneme, Semantics, Morpheme,, Lexical meaning, Syntax

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Phonology is

the study of how individual sounds or phonemes are used to produce language

8

phoneme

the smallest unit of sound in language, and individual sound

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Semantics

the study of how meaning in language is constructed of individual words and sentences

10

Morpheme

the smallest unit of a language that conveys meaning

11

Lexical meaning

dictionary meaning of a word

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Syntax

the system for conveying meaning using words and order

13

Pragmatics

the practical aspects of language usage including speech pace, gesturing and body language

14

6 Sequence of language learning

Prevocal - Babbling - First Words - Telegraphic Speech - Pragmatics - Grammar

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Prevocal learning

occurs at 2-4 months old. Babies distinguish all phonemes they will later use for language such as cooing

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Babbling

6 months: meaningless experimental sounds

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telegraphic specch

2 years of age - two word sentences omitting all but essential words

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three theories of how language develops

nature, nurture, nature and nurture

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Chomsky theorized

children are genetically programmed at birth to learn language

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Skinner theorized about language:

language is entirely learned because of rewards from certain words and sounds

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Interactionalist perspective

both theories of nature and nurture are important

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Critical period

stage when an individual is particularly open to specific learning

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Sensitive Period

stage in development wen an individual can best acquire specific skills like language. Before 13

24

Child directed speech

high pitched voice

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Overregulation and Grammar Development are

affected by the environment. It is the process by which elementary school children apply learned grammatical rules to improperly correct and irregular verb. For instance, thinking instead of thought

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Broca's Area

Critical for speech production. It is associated with grammar comprehension and located in the frontal lobe

27

Agrammatism

The inability to speak with proper grammar. It is in the Broca's area

28

Wernicke's Area

Critical for language comprehension. It is located in the temporal lobe

29

Aphasia

type of language loss

30

Broca's aphasia

unable to produce coherent speech