Flashcards in Chapter 1 - Introduction Deck (26):
Study and comparison of domestic politics across countries.
Relations between countries rather than the internals of each nation.
Organizations or activities that are self-perpetuating and valued for their own sake.
The struggle in any group for power that will give one or more persons the ability to make decisions for the larger group.
Ability to influence others or impose one's will on them.
A way to compare cases and draw conclusions.
the means by which we go from studying a case to generating a hypothesis.
Starting with a puzzle and from there generating some hypothesis about cause and effect to test against a number of cases.
apparent association between factors or variables.
A claim to have found a cause and effect.
7 Challenges of Comparative politics
1. Political scientists have hard time controlling what they study.
2. Variables can interact and interconnected. *Multicausality* is an issue.
3. Limits to amount of information.
4. How we acquire information
5. Tend to be limited to single geographic region. Uneven coverage.
6. Confirmation bias. (Not necessarily political bias)
7. The search for cause and effect.
Studies of a geographic area. Regional focus.
Where you find data that confirms your hypothesis.
The problem of distinguishing cause and effect.
Defined as an integrated set of hypotheses, assumptions, and facts.
As society develops it transitions to capitalist democracies, converging around a set of shared values and characteristics. Thrown out when countries developed against expectations.
The shift from studying political institutions toward studying individual political behavior. emphasis on causality, explanation, and prediction. Larger focus on quantitative vs qualitative methodology. Hoped to lead to legitimizing modernization theory. Thrown out when countries developed against expectations.
interviews, observations, and archival and other forms of documentary research.
Emphasis on describing political systems and their various institutions.
Mathematical (from economic), statistical analysis, and wider use of cases unbound by area specialization.
Rational Choice/ Game theory
Study the rules and games by which politics is played and how human beings act on their preferences.
Officially sanctions rules and organizations that are relatively clear.
Unwritten and unofficial rules. No less powerful than formal.
Glue of society?
Institutions. When threatened people will either rush to defend or restructure it. Can lead to issue where people do not accept that institution has outlived its value.
An individual's ability to act independently, without fear or restriction or punishment by the state or other individual groups.