Flashcards in Chapter 2 - State Deck (19):
The entity with a monopoly on power over a territory. Can exercise Sovereignty
The ability to carry out actions and policies within a territory without interference from external and internal rivals.
The fundamental rules and norms of politics within a state. Embodies the long term goals that guide the state with regard to individual freedom and equality, where power should reside.
The leadership currently running the state.
Combined political entities of State, Regime, and Government.
Individuals band together to protect themselves and create common goals. Security through cooperation.
Individuals are brought together by a ruler who imposes authority and monopolizes power. Security through domination.
The value whereby something or someone is recognized and accepted as right and proper.
Embodies continuity between past and present. "The way it has always been done"
Relies on the power or strength of ideas that appeal to the public.
Powers are divided to different regional bodies. Defined in national constitution. Helps represent local interests.
Power is divided unevenly. ie, some regions given more power over taxation than others etc. Likely to arise from countries with strong ethnic divisions.
Political power is concentrated at the national level and local authority is limited. Therefore, territorial boundaries within a nation have less political bearing.
Decentralization of power, increasing state legitimacy through moving more power closer to the people.
Able to fulfill basic tasks: defend territory, make and enforce rules and rights, collect taxes, and manage economy.
Unable to fulfill basic tasks: defend territory, make and enforce rules and rights, collect taxes, and manage economy.
When a state becomes so weak it breaks down and is completely unable to fulfill basic tasks.
The ability of the state to wield power independently of public of international forces.