Chapter 2 - State Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 2 - State Deck (19):
1

The State

The entity with a monopoly on power over a territory. Can exercise Sovereignty

2

Sovereignty

The ability to carry out actions and policies within a territory without interference from external and internal rivals.

3

Regime

The fundamental rules and norms of politics within a state. Embodies the long term goals that guide the state with regard to individual freedom and equality, where power should reside.

4

Government

The leadership currently running the state.

5

Country

Combined political entities of State, Regime, and Government.

6

Consensus

Individuals band together to protect themselves and create common goals. Security through cooperation.

7

Coercion

Individuals are brought together by a ruler who imposes authority and monopolizes power. Security through domination.

8

Legitimacy

The value whereby something or someone is recognized and accepted as right and proper.

9

Traditional Legitimacy

Embodies continuity between past and present. "The way it has always been done"

10

Charismatic Legitimacy

Relies on the power or strength of ideas that appeal to the public.

11

Federalism

Powers are divided to different regional bodies. Defined in national constitution. Helps represent local interests.

12

Asymmetric Federalism

Power is divided unevenly. ie, some regions given more power over taxation than others etc. Likely to arise from countries with strong ethnic divisions.

13

Unitary states

Political power is concentrated at the national level and local authority is limited. Therefore, territorial boundaries within a nation have less political bearing.

14

Devolution

Decentralization of power, increasing state legitimacy through moving more power closer to the people.

15

Strong State

Able to fulfill basic tasks: defend territory, make and enforce rules and rights, collect taxes, and manage economy.

16

Weak State

Unable to fulfill basic tasks: defend territory, make and enforce rules and rights, collect taxes, and manage economy.

17

Failed State

When a state becomes so weak it breaks down and is completely unable to fulfill basic tasks.

18

Autonomy

The ability of the state to wield power independently of public of international forces.

19

Capacity

The ability of the state to wield power in order to carry out tasks of providing security and reconciling freedom and equality.