Flashcards in Chapter 9 - Communism ☭ Deck (22):
A set of ideas that view political, social, and economic institutions different from most political thought. It seeks to create human equality by eliminating private property and market forces.
Surplus Value of Labor
Value inherent in any human-made good that can be used by another individual.
Economic system of society, made up of technology and class relations between people.
All noneconomic institutions in society (religion, culture, national identity). Derived from the base and serve to legitimize the current mode of exploitation.
Failure to understand the nature of one's exploitation. Buying into the superstructure
Process of historical change that is not evolutionary, but revolutionary. Existing base and superstructure (thesis) would come into conflict with the new tech innovations, generating growing opposition to the existing order (antithesis). Culminates in revolution, overthrowing old base and SS (synthesis).
Dictatorship of the Proletariat
Temporary period after capitalism that has been overthrown during which vestiges of the old base and superstructure are eradicated.
Utopia, once all capitalism has been eradicated. State and politics disappear, society and the economy would be based on equality and cooperation.
Vanguard of the Proletariat
Lenin's argument that an elite communist party needs to carry out the revolution, because as a result of false consciousness, historical conditions would not automatically lead to capitalism's demise.
Politically sensitive or influential jobs in the state, society, or economy that were staffed y people chosen or approved by the Communist Party. Party hires you for, basically, boss position. To be hired into nomenklatura you had to be in party.
Short for "political bureau" (cabinet or Communist executive committee).
Legislature of the party.
Where only one party has the right to lead the state
The state explicitly allocates resources by planning what should be produced and in what amounts, setting the final prices of these goods, and deciding where they should be sold.
Role of women
Women were equally employed, but under cultural norms were still expected to fulfill duties at home.
Religion in Communist states
Religion was suppressed but not eliminated... though it IS the "opiate of the masses"
Communist countries still repressive towards women.
People still clung to old national and ethnic identities.
Openness. Encouraged public debate.