Chapter 7 - Political Violence Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 7 - Political Violence Deck (12):
1

Political Violence

Politically motivated violence outside of the state's control.

2

3 reasons (I) for Political Violence

Institutional, Ideational, Individual

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Institutional

Institutions create contain values or norms that implicitly or explicitly encourage political violence, or constrain human activity, thus provoking political violence. Winner-take-all systems marginalize groups. Participation is blocked.

4

Ideational

Ideas that incite political violence. Radicalism, reactionism.

5

Individual

Single people feel the only way to be heard is through violence. Emotional and psychological explanations.

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Types of Political Violence

Revolution and Terrorism

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Revolution

Generally with positive connotations. Public seizure of the state in order to overturn the existing government and regime.

8

Relative Deprivation Model

A gap between actual conditions and expected conditions.

9

Terrorism

Use of violence by nonstate actors against civilians to achieve a political goal.

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State-sponsored terrorism

States train terrorists.

11

Guerilla War

You know this.

12

Nihilism

A belief that all institutions and values are essentially meaningless and the only redeeming value one can embrace is violence. Violence valued for its own sake.