Chapter 1 KTR Flashcards Preview

Government AP/CC > Chapter 1 KTR > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 1 KTR Deck (38)
Loading flashcards...
0

Social Order

-Maximize values/behaviors we think ar important
-Keep the peace

1

Legitimate

Accepted as correct (by the people), consent of the governed

2

Government

System or organization for exercising authority over body of people

3

Authority

Power that citizens view as legitimate

4

Institutions

-Where of the political struggle

5

Economics

-Concerned specifically with Te production and distributional the society's wealth

6

Capitalist economy

All means used to produce material resources are privately owned, decisions left to individual

7

Regulated capitalism

Maintains captain economy, individual freedom from government, and allows gov't. to regulate economy and guarantee individual rights

8

Procedural Guarantee

Rules work smoothly and fairly (due process, etc.)

9

Socialist economy

Economic decisions made by politicians, based on judgement of what society needs

10

Substantial Guarantees

What social politicians believe to be fair outcomes

11

Social democracy

Believe most property can be privately owned, believe that values of equality can be promoted by socialism and brought by democracy

12

Authoritarian

Give ultimate power to the state rather than to the people

13

Monarchy

-Authoritarian
-Vests ultimate power in one person, higher power has designated that person's divine representative on earth
-Of person's birth, wealth, or knowledge entitled to position

14

Theocracy

-God/deity is sovereign, speaks through voice of earthly appointee

15

Fascist Government

-Authoritarian
-State is sovereign, run by dictator for greater good of state

16

Oligarchy

-Sovereignty grounded in a party or group

17

Totalitarian

System combining authoritarian government with socialist economy

18

Authoritarian capitalism

-Economic freedoms, stringent social regulation

19

Anarchy

-No government and no laws

20

Democracy

-Government is the people
-Try to maximize freedoms for individual
-Provide procedural guarantees to preserve individual rights
-Based on popular sovereignty

21

Popular Sovereignty

No power higher than the people

22

Elite democracy

-Propose that democracy is system of choosing among competing leaders
-No further input after leader has been chosen

23

Pluralist Democracy

-Emphasizes membership in groups that participate in government decision making on their behalf

24

Participatory Democracy

-More than consent or majority rule in making governmental decisions is needed
-Individuals have right to control all circumstances of lives

25

Advanced Industrial Democracies

Combine personal freedoms with free market economy

26

Communist Democracy

Radical democracy would coexist with communally owned property (never existed)

27

Social Contract

-People have freedom and rights before government exists
-When decide to have government, give up rights in exchange for protection of other rights

28

Republic

-Employs representation and can work in large state
-Choose representatives

29

Economic Liberals

-Allow government to make substantive decisions about economy
-Hands-odd individual lives

30

Economic Conservatives

-No government intervention in private or economy (a little is okay)

31

Libertarians

-FREEEEDUMMMM

32

Social Liberals

-Government action realize substantive vision of what society should be like
-Forward looking, adaptive

33

Communitarians

-Commit to community-based vision
-Radical equality of all people, all sacrifice for greater good

34

Social Conservatives

-Limited government involvement in economy, with less force
-Concerned with moral tone of life (substantive set of laws to create moral order)

35

Analysis:
-Who
-What
-How

-Who: Are the parties involved? Resources, powers, rights?
-What: Do they have at stake?
-How: Do the rules shape the outcome?

36

Conservatives

-Favor traditional social values, distrust government.
-Place priority on maintenance of social order

37

Liberals

-Value possibilities of progress or change
-Trust government, look for innovations as answers, focus on expansion of individual eighths and expression