Chpt. 3 Vocab KTR Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chpt. 3 Vocab KTR Deck (15)
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1

Unitary System of Government

-Central government has all the power
-Local units may have some power at some times, dependent on central unit

2

Federal System of Government

-Political system in which authority is divided between different levels of government
-Each level has independent power of other levels

3

Enumerated Powers

-Article I, Section 8
-Gives Congress power to make all laws that are "necessary and proper" to carry out its powers
-Lists basic powers of legislation (coin money, navy, etc.)

4

"Necessary and Proper Clause"

-Used to justify powers that were previously not used by Congress

5

Supremacy Clause

-Article VI; states that Constitution and laws made in accordance with it are supreme law of land
-National law must be followed

6

Dual Federalism

-Argues that national and state levels are distinct and operate separately in own spheres of power

7

Cooperative Federalism

-National and state levels are interdependent; each level requires cooperation of the other to accomplish
-National government more dominant

8

Concurrent Powers

-Powers that both levels of government can exercise

9

Devolution

-State powers were being passed back out to the state

10

McCulloch v. Maryland

-Maryland cannot tax bank
-Bank can be created by Congress if it chooses to do so (Thanks, Marshall)

11

Gibbons v. Ogden

-Marshall ruled that New York did not have power to create steamboat monopoly; national power rules
-Interstate commerce decided by feds

12

Categorical Grant

-Provides detailed instructions, regulations, compliance requirements for states in specific policy areas

13

Block Grants

Combines broad program requirements and regulations with funding from federal treasury; give states considerable freedom in using funds in broad policy areas

14

Nullification

Idea that states can render national laws null if they disagree; national government never recognized this law

15

Unfunded Mandates

-Imposes specific policy requirements on states but does not provide way to pay for activities