Chpt. 2 Vocab KTR Flashcards Preview

Government AP/CC > Chpt. 2 Vocab KTR > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chpt. 2 Vocab KTR Deck (17)
Loading flashcards...
1

Confederation

Established system in which each state retains almost all power to do as it wills; state is sovereign to federal government

2

Federalism

Gives central government its own source of power; also gives independent power to the states

3

Federalist

-Generally wealthy elite; wanted strong government to ensure stability/protect property
-Virginia Plan

4

Anti-Federalists

-Strong-state, weak-central-government option
-New Jersey Plan

5

Virginia Plan

-Created by James Madison; Edmund Randolph endorsed it
-Large, populous state; proposed strong national government run by two legislative houses (directly by people, other combination of state legislatures)

6

New Jersey Plan

-Reinforcement of Articles of Confederation
-Multiperson executive, state would have one vote, delegates chosen by state legislature

7

Great Compromise

-Proposed strong federal structure headed by central government; power to tax citizens, regulate commerce, conduct foreign affairs, organize military, and exercise other central powers
-Single executive; House of Reps, Senate two votes

8

Three-Fifths Compromise

-Formula developed by Confederation Congress to allocate tax assessments
-Each slave count as three-fifths of a person (ALL other persons who are not free)

9

Separation of Powers

-Legislative, executive, and judicial powers are not exercised by same person or group of people

10

Checks and Balances

-Allows each branch to police the others

11

Bicameral Legislature

-Both houses must agree to all legislation
-House: 25, 7 years; last 2 years; based on population
-Senate: 30, 9; last 6 years; election by state legislature

12

Electoral College

-Intermediary body that selects president
-Citizens vote for slate of electors, cast vote for candidates 6 weeks prior to general election

13

Judicial Review

-Allows Supreme Court to rule that an act of Congress on executive is unconstitutional

14

Amendability

-Founders provided method for amendment
-Amendment proposed by 2/3 of Houses in Congress or convention called by Congress with 2/3
-Approved by legislature in 3/4 of states or ratifying conventions in 3/4 of states

15

The Federalist Papers

-Written by Publius; actually written by James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay
-Purpose was to convince readers of purpose of federalist government

16

Factions

-Groups of people motivated by a common interest; however different from country as a whole
-Problematic when they are in the majority

17

Bill of Rights

-List of protections against government infringement