Flashcards in Chapter 1 - The Nature of Communication Deck (39)
Behavior that affects the behavior of others by the transmission of information.
A complex pattern of associations of the units of a communication system. In language, those units could be sound units; meaningful units, such as words; or meaningful units that are larger than words, such as phrases, clauses, and sentences.
To put a message in a code
System (pattern) of elements (such as words) and of the rules of phonology, morphology, syntax, and semantics inherent in a language. The term also refers to the study of those elements and rules.
To react to it in a way that reflects the reason that the sender encoded it
The grammar (pattern) of sounds of that language
A mental dictionary, the vocabulary that one has stored in the brain
The rules used to construct words from their component parts
The set of rules a person uses to form units of language larger than words. The term also refers to the study of those rules.
The study of meaning
The (mostly) subconscious knowledge of language that allows a speaker to create a potentially infinite number of messages.
The ability to produce messages that one has never produced before and to understand messages that one has never heard or seen before.
The application of linguistic competence to actually producing an utterance
Delivery system of language
The way in which knowledge of language (linguistic competence) is used to send a message. The three basic ways of delivering a message linguistically are speech, writing, and sign language.
Language: speech, writing, or sign language
Any communication that is not conveyed through speech, writing, or sign language
The connection and relationship between two or more things that occur at the same time
The disorientation and anxiety that occur when social expectation are not met
Judging other cultures by the standard of your culture; it is also the belief that your culture is superior to other cultures
A chemical that is secreted by one individual and acts from a distance on another individual to alter that individual's behavior.
When the same message (or elements of a message) is encoded in different ways and is simultaneously sent to the receiver of the message.
An instrument used to analyze sound by producing a visual record of the time duration of the sound, its frequency (number of occurrences within a specific unit of time), and its amplitude (degree of loudness).
Usually relatively short vocal signals that might communicate a variety of messages. A variety of other species might respond to the calls of a given species.
Longer and more complex sequences of sound that, in birds, are usually associated with attracting a mate. Songs are species specific.
The ability to add new words, phrases, or other meaningful units to a language.
One that does not blend with other signals.
In relationship to language, means that features of language, such as words, have no direct relationship to their meaning.
Behavior is one that occurs only as a result of a specific environment trigger (occurrence).
The ability to communicate about things at times other than the present and to communicate about things not directly in front of the sender and/or receiver.