Flashcards in Chapter 4 - The Morphological Component Deck (38)
The smallest units of meaning; therefore they cannot be broken down further and remain meaningful.
The study of the structure and classification of words and the units that make up words.
A meaningful grammatical unit that cannot occur alone.
A meaningful grammatical unit that can stand alone.
A morpheme, usually but not always a free morpheme, that serves as a building block for other words and carries the main meaning of those words.
A bound morpheme that can be added to a root.
An affix added to the beginning of the root.
An affix added to the end of a root.
A word made up of two or more roots.
A compound word with no space or hyphen between the different roots.
A compound that has a hyphen or hyphens between the different roots of the compound.
Has spaces between its roots.
Head of a compound
The core meaning of the compound; also determines the grammatical function of the compound.
Major grammatical classes into which words (not morphemes) can be divided.
Parts of speech
A system of grammatical categories for classifying words according to their usage or function.
Bound morphemes that change the meaning or lexical category of a word.
Bound morphemes that do not change the essential meaning or lexical category of a word. They change grammatical functions (other than lexical category).
Rules that specify which allomorph of a morpheme will be used in a specific phonetic environment.
A branch of linguistics that studies the structural similarities of languages.
The study and classification of language based on how morphemes create words.
Analytic (or isolating) language
A language in which most words are single morphemes.
Uses bound morphemes to affect the meaning or mark the grammatical function of a free morpheme.
Fusional (inflectional) language
One type of synthetic language in which one bound morpheme may convey several bits of information.
A type of synthetic language in which each bound morpheme adds only one specific meaning to the root morpheme.
A synthetic language in which each word is the equivalent to a whole sentence in other languages.
Open classes of words (content words)
Types of words (nouns, adjectives,verbs, and adverbs) that grow in number in a language.
Closed classes of words (function words)
Types of words (prepositions and pronouns) the growth of which is very limited.
Newly formed words
Creating a word with more than one root.