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Flashcards in Chapter 11 Deck (45)
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1
Q

Union general

A

George McClellan

1
Q

How did the economies of the North and South differ during the war?

A

The Union blockade of Southern ports affected commerce in the South, causing a decrease in its economy. Also many slaves ran away. By the other hand, the supplies needed for the war created an increase in Northern economy.

2
Q

Confederate general

A

Stonewall Jackson

2
Q

Confederate general

A

Robert E. Lee

2
Q

Commander of Union troops in Georgia and South Carolina

A

William Tecumseh Sherman

2
Q

What kind of discrimination did African-American soldiers in the Union army face?

A

They were usually paid less than withes

2
Q

Why was the Battle of Gettysburg so important?

A

it was considered a turning point in the war. Northerners became rejuvenated due to the fact that they had finally broken through and defeated Less' army.

3
Q

How did General Lee have mixed success in the East?

A

He successfully defended the Confederate capital and forced the Union army to retreat

4
Q

Monitor

A

Union ironclad ship

5
Q

Northern Democrat who advocated making peace with the Confederacy during the Civil War

A

Copperhead

7
Q

Battle won by the Confederates

A

Bull Run

7
Q

Important speech by President Lincoln

A

Gettysburg Address

8
Q

Why did Britain remain neutral?

A

Great Britain had a large supply of cotton which means it wont need the South to sell them cotton anymore

10
Q

Abolished slavery everywhere in the United States

A

Thirteenth Amendment

11
Q

Union nurse

A

Clara Barton

12
Q

Name two reactions to the Emancipation Proclamation

A

In the North, it gave the war a high moral purpose. Blacks could enlist in the Union army. The Proclamation also made the Confederacy more determined

13
Q

What did the Thirteen Amendment do?

A

It abolished slavery everywhere in the United States.

14
Q

Commander of the Union navy

A

David G. Farragut

15
Q

How did Presidents Davis and Lincoln deal with political opposition to the war?

A

Both presidents expanded their presidential power and suspended the right of habeas corpus.

16
Q

What was the purpose of the U.S. Sanitary Commission?

A

To help improve health conditions on both sides

17
Q

Merrimack

A

Confederate ironclad ship

18
Q

Three-part Union strategy to win the Civil War

A

Anaconda plan

20
Q

Drafting of civilians to serve in the army

A

conscription

22
Q

Law that set up a system of federally chartered banks

A

National Bank Act

23
Q

Union victory in Mississippi

A

Vicksburg

25
Q

Who won the battle at Bull Run?

A

The Confederates

26
Q

Union Victory

A

Shiloh

27
Q

Union general

A

Ulysses S. Grant

28
Q

Assassin of President Lincoln

A

John Wilkes Booth

29
Q

What event started the Civil War?

A

Confederates' victory at Fort Sumter

30
Q

Which side won most of the battles for control of the Mississippi River region?

A

The Union

31
Q

Antietam

A

Union victory

33
Q

What happened to the economies of the North and the South as a result of the Civil War?

A

The economy in the North rose quickly, in the south, it went down.

34
Q

Confederate war camp

A

Andersonville

35
Q

Confederate victory in Virginia

A

Chancellorsville

36
Q

Tax that takes a percentage of an individual’s income

A

income tax

37
Q

Relief agency founded by Clara Barton in 1881

A

Red Cross

38
Q

Union fort in Charleston, South Carolina

A

Fort Sumter

39
Q

Why were Sherman's victories important to Lincoln?

A

They helped him to be reelected in a second presidential term.

40
Q

What was the result of the battle at Vicksburg?

A

As a result of the battle, the Union controlled the Mississippi River.

41
Q

Site of the Confederate surrender

A

Appomattox Court House

42
Q

Court order that says that a person who is jailed has to appear before the court to determine why he or she is being jailed.

A

habeas corpus

43
Q

Most decisive battle of the war

A

Gettysburg

44
Q

Site of Confederate massacre of more than 200 African American war prisoners

A

Fort Pillow

45
Q

Order issued by Lincoln freeing slaves behind Confederate lines

A

Emancipation Proclamation