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Flashcards in Chapter 11 Deck (45)
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1

Union general

George McClellan

1

How did the economies of the North and South differ during the war?

The Union blockade of Southern ports affected commerce in the South, causing a decrease in its economy. Also many slaves ran away. By the other hand, the supplies needed for the war created an increase in Northern economy.

2

Confederate general

Stonewall Jackson

2

Confederate general

Robert E. Lee

2

Commander of Union troops in Georgia and South Carolina

William Tecumseh Sherman

2

What kind of discrimination did African-American soldiers in the Union army face?

They were usually paid less than withes

2

Why was the Battle of Gettysburg so important?

it was considered a turning point in the war. Northerners became rejuvenated due to the fact that they had finally broken through and defeated Less' army.

3

How did General Lee have mixed success in the East?

He successfully defended the Confederate capital and forced the Union army to retreat

4

Monitor

Union ironclad ship

5

Northern Democrat who advocated making peace with the Confederacy during the Civil War

Copperhead

7

Battle won by the Confederates

Bull Run

7

Important speech by President Lincoln

Gettysburg Address

8

Why did Britain remain neutral?

Great Britain had a large supply of cotton which means it wont need the South to sell them cotton anymore

10

Abolished slavery everywhere in the United States

Thirteenth Amendment

11

Union nurse

Clara Barton

12

Name two reactions to the Emancipation Proclamation

In the North, it gave the war a high moral purpose. Blacks could enlist in the Union army. The Proclamation also made the Confederacy more determined

13

What did the Thirteen Amendment do?

It abolished slavery everywhere in the United States.

14

Commander of the Union navy

David G. Farragut

15

How did Presidents Davis and Lincoln deal with political opposition to the war?

Both presidents expanded their presidential power and suspended the right of habeas corpus.

16

What was the purpose of the U.S. Sanitary Commission?

To help improve health conditions on both sides

17

Merrimack

Confederate ironclad ship

18

Three-part Union strategy to win the Civil War

Anaconda plan

20

Drafting of civilians to serve in the army

conscription

22

Law that set up a system of federally chartered banks

National Bank Act

23

Union victory in Mississippi

Vicksburg

25

Who won the battle at Bull Run?

The Confederates

26

Union Victory

Shiloh

27

Union general

Ulysses S. Grant

28

Assassin of President Lincoln

John Wilkes Booth

29

What event started the Civil War?

Confederates' victory at Fort Sumter