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government in which the people elect representatives to govern

Republic

1

The idea that governments should be based on the consent of the people

Republicanism

2

The set of laws that established the first government of the United States

Articles of Confederation

3

A loose alliance of states

Confederation

4

A law that set up a plan for surveying land west of the appellation Mountains

Land ordinance of 1785

5

Law that organized the Northwest territories

Northwest ordinance of 1787

6

Anti-tax protest by farmers

Shays rebellion

7

One of the leaders of the Constitutional convention

James Madison

8

Delegate who developed the great compromise

Roger Sherman

9

Compromise made by Constitutional convention in which states would have equal representation in one house of the legislator and representation based on population in the other house

Great compromise

10

Compromise that allowed states to count 3/5 of their slaves as part of the population

Three Fifths compromise

11

The division of power between the federal and state governments

Federalism

12

The branch of government that makes laws

The legislative branch

13

The branch of government that enforces the laws

Executive branch

14

The branch of government that interprets the laws and the Constitution

Judicial branch

15

Power given to separate branches of government to keep anyone from getting too much power

Checks and balances

16

A group selected to elect the president, in which each states numbers of electors is equal to the number of its senators and representatives in Congress

Electoral college

17

Introduction to the Constitution

Preamble

18

National legislator

Congress

19

Lower house of the national legislator

House of Representatives

20

Upper house of the national legislator

Senate

21

Powers specifically granted in the Constitution

Enumerated powers

22

Powers not specifically stated in the constitution

Implied powers

23

Clause in the Constitution that allows Congress to pass laws necessary to carry out its enumerated powers

Elastic clause

24

President of the United States

Chief executive

25

Order in which the office of president is filled if it becomes vacant before an election

Succession

26

Message delivered by the president once a year

State of the Union address

27

Highest federal court in the United States

Supreme Court

28

Authority to decide cases involving disputes over the law or behavior of people

Judicial power

29

Authority to decide whether a law is constitutional

Judicial review