Chapter 5 Flashcards Preview

U.S. History > Chapter 5 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 5 Deck (74)
Loading flashcards...
0

government in which the people elect representatives to govern

Republic

1

The idea that governments should be based on the consent of the people

Republicanism

2

The set of laws that established the first government of the United States

Articles of Confederation

3

A loose alliance of states

Confederation

4

A law that set up a plan for surveying land west of the appellation Mountains

Land ordinance of 1785

5

Law that organized the Northwest territories

Northwest ordinance of 1787

6

Anti-tax protest by farmers

Shays rebellion

7

One of the leaders of the Constitutional convention

James Madison

8

Delegate who developed the great compromise

Roger Sherman

9

Compromise made by Constitutional convention in which states would have equal representation in one house of the legislator and representation based on population in the other house

Great compromise

10

Compromise that allowed states to count 3/5 of their slaves as part of the population

Three Fifths compromise

11

The division of power between the federal and state governments

Federalism

12

The branch of government that makes laws

The legislative branch

13

The branch of government that enforces the laws

Executive branch

14

The branch of government that interprets the laws and the Constitution

Judicial branch

15

Power given to separate branches of government to keep anyone from getting too much power

Checks and balances

16

A group selected to elect the president, in which each states numbers of electors is equal to the number of its senators and representatives in Congress

Electoral college

17

Introduction to the Constitution

Preamble

18

National legislator

Congress

19

Lower house of the national legislator

House of Representatives

20

Upper house of the national legislator

Senate

21

Powers specifically granted in the Constitution

Enumerated powers

22

Powers not specifically stated in the constitution

Implied powers

23

Clause in the Constitution that allows Congress to pass laws necessary to carry out its enumerated powers

Elastic clause

24

President of the United States

Chief executive

25

Order in which the office of president is filled if it becomes vacant before an election

Succession

26

Message delivered by the president once a year

State of the Union address

27

Highest federal court in the United States

Supreme Court

28

Authority to decide cases involving disputes over the law or behavior of people

Judicial power

29

Authority to decide whether a law is constitutional

Judicial review

30

Procedure for returning a person charged with a crime to the state where the crime was committed

Extradition

31

Officially approve the constitution or an amendment to it

Ratify

32

First 10 amendments

Bill of rights

33

Being tried more than once for the same crime

Double Jeopardy

34

All the procedures for fair treatment must be carried out whenever a citizen is accused of a crime

Due process of law

35

Powers not specifically granted to the federal government or denied to the states belong to the states and the people

Reserved powers

36

Right to vote

Suffrage

37
Define

Republic

government in which the people elect representatives to govern

38
Define

Republicanism

The idea that governments should be based on the consent of the people

39
Define

Articles of Confederation

The set of laws that established the first government of the United States

40
Define

Confederation

A loose alliance of states

41
Define

Land ordinance of 1785

A law that set up a plan for surveying land west of the appellation Mountains

42
Define

Northwest ordinance of 1787

Law that organized the Northwest territories

43
Define

Shays rebellion

Anti-tax protest by farmers

44
Define

James Madison

One of the leaders of the Constitutional convention

45
Define

Roger Sherman

Delegate who developed the great compromise

46
Define

Great compromise

Compromise made by Constitutional convention in which states would have equal representation in one house of the legislator and representation based on population in the other house

47
Define

Three Fifths compromise

Compromise that allowed states to count 3/5 of their slaves as part of the population

48
Define

Federalism

The division of power between the federal and state governments

49
Define

The legislative branch

The branch of government that makes laws

50
Define

Executive branch

The branch of government that enforces the laws

51
Define

Judicial branch

The branch of government that interprets the laws and the Constitution

52
Define

Checks and balances

Power given to separate branches of government to keep anyone from getting too much power

53
Define

Electoral college

A group selected to elect the president, in which each states numbers of electors is equal to the number of its senators and representatives in Congress

54
Define

Preamble

Introduction to the Constitution

55
Define

Congress

National legislator

56
Define

House of Representatives

Lower house of the national legislator

57
Define

Senate

Upper house of the national legislator

58
Define

Enumerated powers

Powers specifically granted in the Constitution

59
Define

Implied powers

Powers not specifically stated in the constitution

60
Define

Elastic clause

Clause in the Constitution that allows Congress to pass laws necessary to carry out its enumerated powers

61
Define

Chief executive

President of the United States

62
Define

Succession

Order in which the office of president is filled if it becomes vacant before an election

63
Define

State of the Union address

Message delivered by the president once a year

64
Define

Supreme Court

Highest federal court in the United States

65
Define

Judicial power

Authority to decide cases involving disputes over the law or behavior of people

66
Define

Judicial review

Authority to decide whether a law is constitutional

67
Define

Extradition

Procedure for returning a person charged with a crime to the state where the crime was committed

68
Define

Ratify

Officially approve the constitution or an amendment to it

69
Define

Bill of rights

First 10 amendments

70
Define

Double Jeopardy

Being tried more than once for the same crime

71
Define

Due process of law

All the procedures for fair treatment must be carried out whenever a citizen is accused of a crime

72
Define

Reserved powers

Powers not specifically granted to the federal government or denied to the states belong to the states and the people

73
Define

Suffrage

Right to vote