Flashcards in Chapter 12 - Reconstruction And Its Effects Deck (31)
Period of rebuilding the nation after the Civil War
One of the Congressional Republicans who wanted to destroy the political power of slaveholders and to give African Americans citizenship and the right to vote
One of the leaders of the Radical Republicans
Bill passed by Congress, and vetoed by President Lincoln, that would have given Congress control of Reconstruction
President after Lincoln’s assassination
Government agency that helped former slaves and poor whites by giving out food and clothing and by setting up schools and hospitals
Laws enacted in many Southern states that discriminated against African Americans
Gave African Americans citizenship
Legal process to formally charge the president with misconduct in office
Banned states from denying African Americans the right to vote
What was Lincoln’s plan for readmitting Confederate states to the Union?
Lincoln's plan for readmitting Confederates states to the Union was known as the Ten Percent Plan. It included pardoning Confederates if they would swear allegiance to the Union. It also called for a state to be readmitted in the Union as soon as 10 percent of the state’s voters swore allegiance to the nation.
Why did President Johnson veto the bill extending the Freedmen’s Bureau and the Civil Rights Act of 1866?
Johnson felt that the two bills made the federal government too powerful. So he vetoed both.
How did the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments improve the lives of African Americans?
They ensured African-American the right to vote and gave them full citizenship.
White Southerner who joined the Republican Party
Northerner who moved to the South after the war
First African-American senator
System in which landowners leased a few acres of land to farmworkers in return for a portion of their crops
Renting land from landowners for cash
What three groups made up the Republican Party after the war?
Carpetbaggers, scalawags, and African-Americans
In what ways did African Americans participate in government after the war?
They voted and organized conventions to demand equal rights and protection under the law. Some joined the new state governments and served in Congress, etc.
How did planters regain control of the land and labor in the South?
Southern planters turned to two systems called "sharecropping" and "tenant farming."
Terrorist group of white Southerners who used violence to keep blacks from voting
Ku Klux Klan (KKK)
Financial crisis that started an economic depression
Panic of 1873
Southern Democrats’ term for their return to power in the South in the 1870s
President who ended Reconstruction in 1877
Rutherford B. Hayes
Democratic presidential candidate in 1876
Samuel J. Tilden
The political deal that gave the presidency to Hayes and ended Reconstruction
Compromise of 1877
Ability to run state governments without the interference of the federal government
What did the Ku Klux Klan attempt to do?
They tried to keep blacks from voting.