Chapter 12 - Reconstruction And Its Effects Flashcards Preview

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1

Period of rebuilding the nation after the Civil War

Reconstruction

2

One of the Congressional Republicans who wanted to destroy the political power of slaveholders and to give African Americans citizenship and the right to vote

Radical Republican

3

One of the leaders of the Radical Republicans

Thaddeus Stevens

4

Bill passed by Congress, and vetoed by President Lincoln, that would have given Congress control of Reconstruction

Wade-Davis Bill

5

President after Lincoln’s assassination

Andrew Johnson

6

Government agency that helped former slaves and poor whites by giving out food and clothing and by setting up schools and hospitals

Freedmen’s Bureau

7

Laws enacted in many Southern states that discriminated against African Americans

Black codes

8

Gave African Americans citizenship

Fourteenth Amendment

9

Legal process to formally charge the president with misconduct in office

Impeach

10

Banned states from denying African Americans the right to vote

Fifteenth Amendment

11

What was Lincoln’s plan for readmitting Confederate states to the Union?

Lincoln's plan for readmitting Confederates states to the Union was known as the Ten Percent Plan. It included pardoning Confederates if they would swear allegiance to the Union. It also called for a state to be readmitted in the Union as soon as 10 percent of the state’s voters swore allegiance to the nation.

12

Why did President Johnson veto the bill extending the Freedmen’s Bureau and the Civil Rights Act of 1866?

Johnson felt that the two bills made the federal government too powerful. So he vetoed both.

13

How did the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments improve the lives of African Americans?

They ensured African-American the right to vote and gave them full citizenship.

14

White Southerner who joined the Republican Party

Scalawag

15

Northerner who moved to the South after the war

Carpetbagger

16

First African-American senator

Hiram Revels

17

System in which landowners leased a few acres of land to farmworkers in return for a portion of their crops

Sharecropping

18

Renting land from landowners for cash

Tenant farming

19

What three groups made up the Republican Party after the war?

Carpetbaggers, scalawags, and African-Americans

20

In what ways did African Americans participate in government after the war?

They voted and organized conventions to demand equal rights and protection under the law. Some joined the new state governments and served in Congress, etc.

21

How did planters regain control of the land and labor in the South?

Southern planters turned to two systems called "sharecropping" and "tenant farming."

22

Terrorist group of white Southerners who used violence to keep blacks from voting

Ku Klux Klan (KKK)

23

Financial crisis that started an economic depression

Panic of 1873

24

Southern Democrats’ term for their return to power in the South in the 1870s

Redemption

25

President who ended Reconstruction in 1877

Rutherford B. Hayes

26

Democratic presidential candidate in 1876

Samuel J. Tilden

27

The political deal that gave the presidency to Hayes and ended Reconstruction

Compromise of 1877

28

Ability to run state governments without the interference of the federal government

Home rule

29

What did the Ku Klux Klan attempt to do?

They tried to keep blacks from voting.

30

What caused the Panic of 1873?

Many investors had taken advantage of the expanding economy after the Civil War. Some took on more debt than they could afford. Many could not pay their debts and went bankrupt. As a result, many banks closed.