Chapter 8 - Reforming American Society Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 8 - Reforming American Society Deck (59)
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1

Widespread spiritual movement

Second Great Awakening

2

A religious gathering that relied on emotional sermons to awaken religious feelings

revival

3

An important preacher in the revivalist movement

Charles Grandison Finney

4

Leading transcendental philosopher

Ralph Waldo Emerson

5

Philosophy that emphasized the truth to be found in nature and intuition

transcendentalism

6

Author of Walden who practiced ideas of transcendentalism

Henry David Thoreau

7

The form of protest that calls on people to disobey unjust laws

civil disobedience

8

Experimental communities designed to be perfect societies

Utopian Communities

9

Reformer who worked for improved treatment of the mentally ill

Dorothea Dix

10

Movement to outlaw slavery

abolition

11

Abolitionist leader

William Lloyd Garrison

12

The freeing of slaves

mancipation

13

A free African American who urged blacks to take their freedom by force

David Walker

14

Escaped slave who became a noted abolitionist leader

Frederick Douglass

15

Leader of a violent slave rebellion

Nat Turner

16

A rule limiting debate on an issue

gag rule

17

Social customs that restricted women to caring for the house

cult of domesticity

18

Leaders in the abolitionist movement

Sarah and Angelina Grimké

19

Movement to ban the drinking of alcohol

temperance movement

20

Leader in the abolitionist and women’s rights movements

Elizabeth Cady Stanton

21

Leader in the abolitionist and women’s rights movements

Lucretia Mott

22

Convention held in 1848 to argue for women’s rights

Seneca Falls convention

23

Former slave who became an abolitionist and women’s rights activist

Soojourner Truth

24

System in which manufacturers provided the materials for goods to be produced at home

cottage industry

25

A skilled artisan who owned a business and employed others

master

26

Skilled worker employed by a master

journeyman

27

A worker learning a trade or craft, usually under the supervision of a master

apprentice

28

Work stoppages by workers

strike

29

Early national workers' organization

National Trades‘ Union

30

Why were factories, and the assembly line, important?

New machines allowed unskilled factory workers to make goods that skilled artisans once made.