Expanding Markets and Moving West (Chapter 9) Flashcards Preview

U.S. History > Expanding Markets and Moving West (Chapter 9) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Expanding Markets and Moving West (Chapter 9) Deck (78)
Loading flashcards...
1
Q

Inventor of the telegraph

A

Samuel F. B. Morse

2
Q

American general in war with Mexico

A

Stephen Kearny

3
Q

Founder and leader of the Mormons

A

Joseph Smith

3
Q

Antonio López de Santa Anna

A

Mexican president who fought Texans in the Texas Revolution

4
Q

Winfield Scott

A

American general in war with Mexico

5
Q

land grant

A

Gift of public land to an individual or organization

6
Q

Alamo

A

Site of a key battle in the Texas Revolution

7
Q

Slogan used in the 1844 presidential election as a call for U.S. annexation of the Oregon Territory

A

“Fifty-Four Forty or Fight!”

7
Q

Texas’s war for Independence from Mexico

A

Texas Revolution

8
Q

Zachary Taylor

A

American general in war with Mexico and 12th president

9
Q

Leader of American colony in Texas

A

Stephen F. Austin

9
Q

manifest destiny

A

Belief that the United States would expand across the continent

10
Q

Treaty of Fort Laramie

A

Treaty that gave Native Americans control of the central plains

11
Q

gold rush

A

Movement of people to a place in which gold has been discovered

13
Q

Economic system in which individuals and businesses control the means of production

A

capitalism

14
Q

John Deere

A

Inventor of the steel plow

15
Q

specialization

A

In farming, the raising of one or two crops for sale rather than a variety of foods for personal use

16
Q

Treaty ending the War with Mexico

A

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

16
Q

Purchase of land from Mexico in 1853 that established the present U.S.-Mexico boundary

A

Gadsden Purchase

17
Q

forty-niners

A

People who came to California in 1849 in search of gold

18
Q

Cyrus McCormick

A

Inventor of the mechanical reaper

18
Q

Mormons

A

Religious group that settled near present-day Salt Lake City

19
Q

Independent nation that was created after Texans defeated Mexico in the Texas Revolution

A

Republic of Texas

19
Q

“Fifty-Four Forty or Fight!”

A

Slogan used in the 1844 presidential election as a call for U.S. annexation of the Oregon Territory

20
Q

Samuel F. B. Morse

A

Inventor of the telegraph

21
Q

entrepreneur

A

Business owner

22
Q

market revolution

A

Economic changes where people buy and sell goods rather than make them themselves

22
Q

Texas Revolution

A

Texas’s war for Independence from Mexico

23
Q

Gift of public land to an individual or organization

A

land grant

24
Q

American general in war with Mexico

A

Winfield Scott

25
Q

telegraph

A

Device that sends messages by wires

26
Q

Santa Fe Trail

A

Trail from Missouri to Santa Fe, New Mexico

27
Q

American general in war with Mexico and 12th president

A

Zachary Taylor

27
Q

James K. Polk

A

11th president

29
Q

First president of the Republic of Texas

A

Sam Houston

31
Q

People who came to California in 1849 in search of gold

A

forty-niners

33
Q

Treaty that gave Native Americans control of the central plains

A

Treaty of Fort Laramie

34
Q

To make part of, incorporate

A

annex

34
Q

Republic of Texas

A

Independent nation that was created after Texans defeated Mexico in the Texas Revolution

36
Q

Nation declared by American settlers after defeating Mexicans

A

Republic of California

38
Q

Mexican president who fought Texans in the Texas Revolution

A

Antonio López de Santa Anna

40
Q

capitalism

A

Economic system in which individuals and businesses control the means of production

41
Q

Inventor of the steel plow

A

John Deere

41
Q

Joseph Smith

A

Founder and leader of the Mormons

42
Q

Site of a key battle in the Texas Revolution

A

Alamo

44
Q

Oregon Trail

A

Trail from Missouri to Oregon

46
Q

Movement of people to a place in which gold has been discovered

A

gold rush

48
Q

Stephen F. Austin

A

Leader of American colony in Texas

49
Q

Religious group that settled near present-day Salt Lake City

A

Mormons

50
Q

11th president

A

James K. Polk

51
Q

Device that sends messages by wires

A

telegraph

52
Q

Economic changes where people buy and sell goods rather than make them themselves

A

market revolution

53
Q

Business owner

A

entrepreneur

54
Q

In farming, the raising of one or two crops for sale rather than a variety of foods for personal use

A

specialization

55
Q

annex

A

To make part of, incorporate

56
Q

Gadsden Purchase

A

Purchase of land from Mexico in 1853 that established the present U.S.-Mexico boundary

57
Q

Trail from Missouri to Oregon

A

Oregon Trail

58
Q

Republic of California

A

Nation declared by American settlers after defeating Mexicans

59
Q

Sam Houston

A

First president of the Republic of Texas

60
Q

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

A

Treaty ending the War with Mexico

61
Q

Stephen Kearny

A

American general in war with Mexico

62
Q

Inventor of the mechanical reaper

A

Cyrus McCormick

63
Q

Brigham Young

A

Leader of the Mormons who decided to move the group west to Utah

64
Q

Trail from Missouri to Santa Fe, New Mexico

A

Santa Fe Trail

65
Q

Belief that the United States would expand across the continent

A

manifest destiny

66
Q

Leader of the Mormons who decided to move the group west to Utah

A

Brigham Young

67
Q

What areas did inventions help to improve? 

A

They improved the way goods were made, communication, and transportation. 

 

68
Q

What was the market revolution? 

A

 

It was a change in which people began to buy and sell goods rather than making them for themselves. 

 

69
Q

What two inventions helped to improve farming? 

 

A

 

steel plow; mechanical reaper 

 

70
Q

What was manifest destiny? 

A

 

the belief that God wanted the United States to expand across the continent and that Americans were meant to control the West 

 

71
Q

What was the agreement made in the Fort Laramie Treaty? 

A

 

The Native Americans were given control of much of the Great Plains, and they agreed not to attack settlers. 

 

72
Q

What two trails did Americans take to move West? 

A

 

the Santa Fe Trail and the Oregon Trail 

 

73
Q

Why did Mexico encourage American settlement in Texas? 

A

because Mexico wanted to improve its economy

74
Q

Why were some Northerners opposed to Texas join- ing the United States? 

A

Texas allowed slavery, and Northerners did not want another slave state. 

75
Q

How did President Polk try to provoke a war with Mexico? 

A

 

Polk ordered the U.S. army to blockade the Rio Grande, which was an area that Mexico claimed as its own. 

 

76
Q

What event started the war with Mexico? 

A

 

Mexicans, angered by an American exploration party into California, sent troops across the Rio Grande. Mexican soldiers killed 11 American soldiers there, which led Congress to declare war. 

 

77
Q

Which lands did the United States get as a result of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo? 

A

 

The United States got almost half of Mexico’s land, which made the United States grow by one-third. 

 

78
Q

What were the issues with Americans settling in Mexico?  Why were there problems?

A

The Americans did not speak Spanish, they were not Catholics, they were protestants, and they disobeyed Mexican laws, in particular, they owned slaves