Expanding Markets and Moving West (Chapter 9) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Expanding Markets and Moving West (Chapter 9) Deck (78)
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1

Inventor of the telegraph

Samuel F. B. Morse

2

American general in war with Mexico

Stephen Kearny

3

Founder and leader of the Mormons

Joseph Smith

3

Antonio López de Santa Anna

Mexican president who fought Texans in the Texas Revolution

4

Winfield Scott

American general in war with Mexico

5

land grant

Gift of public land to an individual or organization

6

Alamo

Site of a key battle in the Texas Revolution

7

Slogan used in the 1844 presidential election as a call for U.S. annexation of the Oregon Territory

“Fifty-Four Forty or Fight!”

7

Texas’s war for Independence from Mexico

Texas Revolution

8

Zachary Taylor

American general in war with Mexico and 12th president

9

Leader of American colony in Texas

Stephen F. Austin

9

manifest destiny

Belief that the United States would expand across the continent

10

Treaty of Fort Laramie

Treaty that gave Native Americans control of the central plains

11

gold rush

Movement of people to a place in which gold has been discovered

13

Economic system in which individuals and businesses control the means of production

capitalism

14

John Deere

Inventor of the steel plow

15

specialization

In farming, the raising of one or two crops for sale rather than a variety of foods for personal use

16

Treaty ending the War with Mexico

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

16

Purchase of land from Mexico in 1853 that established the present U.S.-Mexico boundary

Gadsden Purchase

17

forty-niners

People who came to California in 1849 in search of gold

18

Cyrus McCormick

Inventor of the mechanical reaper

18

Mormons

Religious group that settled near present-day Salt Lake City

19

Independent nation that was created after Texans defeated Mexico in the Texas Revolution

Republic of Texas

19

“Fifty-Four Forty or Fight!”

Slogan used in the 1844 presidential election as a call for U.S. annexation of the Oregon Territory

20

Samuel F. B. Morse

Inventor of the telegraph

21

entrepreneur

Business owner

22

market revolution

Economic changes where people buy and sell goods rather than make them themselves

22

Texas Revolution

Texas’s war for Independence from Mexico

23

Gift of public land to an individual or organization

land grant

24

American general in war with Mexico

Winfield Scott