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Intelligence

Mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations.

1

Reification

Viewing an abstract, immaterial concept as if it were a concrete thing.

2

Factor Analysis

A statistical procedure that identifies clusters as related items (called factors) on a test.

3

Charles Spearman

Helped develop factor analysis

4

General Intellegence

A general intelligence factor that according to Spearman and others that underlies specific mental abilities and is measured by every task on an intelligence test.

5

L.L. Thurstone

Rejected the g-factor

6

Howard Gardner

Stated that people have specific intellectual potentials, or "intelligences" (8)

7

Savant Syndrome

A condition in which a person otherwise limited in a mental ability has an exceptional specific skill such as in computation or drawing.

8

Robert Sternberg

Triarchic theory distinguishes three intelligences; analytical intelligence, creative intelligence, and practical intelligence.

9

Emotional Intelligence

The ability to perceive, understand, manage and use emotions.

10

Creativity

The ability to produce novel and valuable ideas.

11

Intelligence Tests

A method for assessing an individual's mental aptitudes and comparing them with those of others; using numerical scores.

12

Alfred Binet

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13

Mental Age

A measure of intelligence test performance devised by Binet

14

Lewis Terman

Stanford university prof. Revised Binet's original IQ test by establishing new age norms.

15

Stanford-Binet

The widely used American revision (by Terman) of Binet's original intelligence test.

16

Intelligence Quotient (IQ)

Ration of mental age (ma) to chronological age (ca) multiplied by 100

17

Aptitude Tests

A test designed to predict a persons future performance; aptitude is the capacity to learn.

18

Achievement Tests

A test designed to assess what a person has learned.

19

Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS)

Most widely used intelligence test; contains verbal and performance (non-verbal) subtests.

20

Standardization

Defining meaningful scores by comparison with the performance of a pretended standardization group.

21

The Flynn Effect

Intelligence tests performance has been improving

22

Normal Curve

The symmetrical bell-shaped curve that describes the distribution of many physical and psychological attributes.

23

Reliability

The extent to which a test yields consistent results, as assessed by the consistency of scores.

24

Validity

The extent to which a test measures or predicts what it is supposed to do.

25

Content Validity

The extent to which a test samples the behavior it is designed to predict.

26

Criterion

The behavior (such as future college grades) that a test (SAT) is designed to predict.

27

Predictive Validity

The success with which a test predicts the behavior it is designed to predict.

28

Down Syndrome

A condition of retardation and associates physical disorders caused by an extra chromosome in ones genetic make up.

29

Mental Retardation

A condition of limited mental ability, indicated by an intelligence score of 70 or below