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Flashcards in Chapter 11 - Massage Deck (29)
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1

When did the popularity of massage first wane?

1930s-1940s.

2

Which state or province has the highest standards for massage training?

BC.

3

What is massage therapy mostly used for?

Relaxation.

4

What are the effects of massage therapy (according to its practitioners)?

Affects neuromuscular system, circulatory and lymphatic systems. Aids the body to heal itself. Human touch has a beneficial effect. Pain relief. Reduced anxiety and relaxation.

5

How common is massage?

Massage is the most commonly used CAM in the USA.

6

Trigger point therapy uses what paradigm?

Orthodox medicine.

7

How many people use massage?

Over 100 million visits/year.

8

Why is massage considered an alternative therapy?

There isn't compelling evidence that it works because it's very difficult to test.

9

What type of massage has been used to perform abortions?

Southeast Asian Visceral Massage

10

Where was Swedish Massage introduced?

New York.

11

In Canada, where is massage regulated?

BC, ON, NL, NB

12

When was interest in massage first renewed?

In the 1960s.

13

What techniques does massage therapy use?

A range of techniques that mostly derive from Swedish Massage.

14

What are the theoretical modes of action for massage therapy?

Blocking nociceptors or their signals. Stimulating release of neurotransmitters like endorphins and serotonin. Prevent the formation of scar tissues. Increase lymph flow. Improving sleep.

15

How many types of massage are there?

Over 80 modalities.

16

How would you test massage?

Testing massage is really difficult. Blinding is basically impossible.

17

What conditions is there evidence for that massage helps?

Pain relief. Anxiety and depression. Temporary reduction in blood pressure and heart rate.

18

Who is massage not recommended for?

People with deep vein thrombosis (blood clots), damaged blood vessels, and osteoporosis (and other bone weaknesses).

19

Nurses used massage up until when?

1970s

20

What is the origin of massage?

No single origin, arose in many cultures.

21

What is medical massage called?

Massage therapy.

22

What are the target tissues of massage?

Superficial layers of muscle and connective tissue, tendons, ligaments, joints, blood and lymphatic vessels, and viscera.

23

How are trigger points described?

Nodules within tight bands of muscle.

24

When was Swedish Massage introduced?

Middle 1800s.

25

What did nurses use to use massage for?

Pain relief and sleep.

26

What alternative medical systems use massage?

Ayurvedic and TCM.

27

Does therapeutic massage belong to the same paradigm as OM?

Yes.

28

What is trigger point therapy supposed to do?

Deactive points that may cause local pain or refer pain to other parts of the body.

29

Definition of 'massage'

Manipulation of superficial layers of muscle and connective tissue.