Flashcards in Chapter 20 - Mind/Body Medicine Deck (19)
What are the health benefits of yoga?
No specific benefits but it is exercise and a social activity.
General goal of meditation
To train the mind in order to realize some benefit.
Origins of meditation
origins might be in rhythmic chanting of prehistoric cultures
Examples of medication associated with religion...
Tai chi, mantra mediation, yoga.
What is mediation usually used for in medicine?
Stress and chronic pain. Also to cope better with illness.
Meditation is linked to changes in...
brain activity, blood pressure, and metabolism.
Evidence of efficacy for meditation.
No firm evidence it helps any particular condition.
The process of becoming aware of various physiological functions using instruments that report back on those functions.
Goal of biofeedback.
To manipulate the functions being reported on.
What functions are controllable with biofeedback?
Brainwaves, muscle tone, skin conductance, heart rate, and pain perception.
What does the evidence say about efficacy for biofeedback?
Some effect with headaches.
What is hypnosis?
A sort of "role-enactment" thought to be due to focussed attention and increased openness to suggestion.
What percent of the population is highly susceptible to hypnosis?
What percent of the population is moderately susceptible to hypnosis?
What percent of the population is not susceptible to hypnosis?
Hypnosis used for medical purposes.
Hypnotherapy advertised for...
anxiety, depression, PTSD, sleep disorders, habit control, and pain management.
Evidence for efficacy of hypnotherapy.
Positive evidence for pain, nausea and psychological conditions. Possibly helpful for IBS.