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Flashcards in Chapter 7 - Traditional Chinese Medicine Deck (50)
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1

Traditional Chinese Medicine is rooted in what ancient philosophy?

Taoism

2

How old is TCM?

5,000 years old

3

In what way are TCM and OM similar?

Both have the perception that humans are interconnected with nature and subject to its forces.

4

Ying-yang theory

Two opposing, yet complementary, forces shape the world and all life.

5

A vital energy, ___, regulates a person's spiritual, emotional, mental, and physical health.

Qi

6

What is qi influenced by?

The opposing forces of yin and yang

7

___ circulates in the body through a system of pathways called ___

Qi, meridians

8

What does health result from in TCM?

A balance and harmony in the circulation of qi.

9

What are all treatments in TCM supposed to do?

Unblock blockages of qi.

10

Theory of five elements

All phenomena of the universe and nature can be broken down into five elements: wood, fire, earth, metal and water.

11

What do elements correspond to?

Each element corresponds to particular organs and tissues in the body.

12

TCM's four methods to evaluate a patient's condition

Observing (especially the tongue), hearing/smelling, asking/interviewing, and touching/palpating (especially the pulse).

13

TCM treatments

Herbs, acupuncture, moxibustion, cupping, massage, diet, mind-body practices

14

What is the name of the pharmacological reference book used by TCM practitioners?

Materia medica

15

How are medicinal substances classified in the materia medica?

By perceived action.

16

What types of substances are used as medicine in TMC?

Mostly plants, but also minerals and animal products.

17

What parts of the plant are used in a TCM medicine?

All sorts of different parts of the plants are used, included leaves, roots, stems, flowers, and seeds.

18

Are herbs given individually or combined into formulas?

Formulas.

19

What are the delivery methods for herbs?

Teas, capsules, tinctures, and powers.

20

Accupuncture

The stimulation of specific points on the body, using a variety of techniques, including the insertion of thin metal needles through the skin.

21

How is acupuncture supposed to restore and maintain health?

By removing blockages in the flow of qi as it flows along meridians.

22

Moxibustion

The use of heat from burning the herb moxa (mugwort) on or near the skin at an acupuncture point.

23

Moxibustion is supposed to improve...

the flow of qi.

24

Cupping

Application of a heated cup to the skin to create a slight suction.

25

What is the aim of cupping?

To increase the flow of blood to the area.

26

Two forms of traditional Chinese massage?

Acupressure and Tui Na.

27

Acupressure

Massage that focuses on pinching and pressing acupressure points.

28

Tui Na

Massage that is similar to western massage (flowing movements), but with the aim of getting qi moving again.

29

What is Tui Na used for?

Musculoskeletal conditions, headaches and also diseases like cancer.

30

Types of mind-body therapies used in TCM?

Qi gong and tai chi.