Chapter 11 Test Review Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 11 Test Review Deck (61):
1

the major route north to Abilene, Kansas

Chisholm Trail

2

declared "a public and private nuissance"

Hydraulic Mining

3

self appointed volunteers to track down and punish wrongdoers

Vigilance Committee

4

vast areas of grassland owned by the federal government

Open Range

5

process of extracting shallow deposits of ore largely by hand

Placer Mining

6

What brought the first wave of settlers to the West?

Mining

7

Although only a fraction of the herds survived when ranchers rounded up their cattle in 1866, it was the first....

Long Drive

8

in 1859, when prospector Henry Comstock staked a claim in Six-Mile Canyon, Nevada, the sticky blue-gray mud there turned out to be...

Silver Ore

9

Deep Deposits of minerals led to the creation of one of the most legendary boomtowns that dotted the mining frontier known as....

Leadville

10

Eventually and after considerable loss of life, the open range was largely fenced off with a new invention called

Barbed Wire

11

Who staked a claim in Six-mile canyon that turned out to be nearly pure silver ore?

Henry Comstock

12

In addition to Nevada, mining also spurred the development of....

Colorado, Arizona, the Dakotas and Montana

13

Process that used simple equipment like picks and pans

Placer Mining

14

What type of cattle could survive harsh climates?

Texas Longhorns

15

In 1866, ranchers drove about 260,000 cattle came to

Sedalia Missouri

16

How many cattle did cowboys drive up the Chisolm Trail?

1.5 Million

17

Who taught American cowhands their trade and enriched the English language with words or Hispanic Origin

Vaqueros

18

Spanish speaking neighborhoods

Barrios

19

Strikes like the Comstock Lode created cities overnight called

Boomtowns

20

Once the mines that supported the boomtowns were used up the population dwindled or it would become a

Ghost Town

21

Name some famous mining areas

Pikes Peak, Leadville, The Black Hills, Tombstone

22

American headed to the Black Hills to mine

Gold and Silver

23

The purpose of cattle drives was to move them towards the..

railroad

24

Long drives ended due to the invention of what

barbed wire

25

a tract of public land available for settlement

homestead

26

often brought their owners big profits

Bonanza Farms

27

productive farm area that began at the eastern edge of the Great Plains

Wheat Belt

28

Stephen Long

Explored Great Plains in 1819

29

planting seeds deep in the ground where there was enough moisture for them to grow

Dry Farming

30

Threshing machines were used for

Harvesting Wheat

31

What hardships did settlers on the Great Plains face?

Scorching Summers

32

Settlement in the Great Plains was promoted by the railroads and supported by

The Government

33

The great plains extends westward to the

Rocky Mountains

34

What name did the first explorers of the Great Plains give the are?

The Great American Desert

35

Land once thought to be worthless for farming was transformed into America's

wheatbelt

36

News spread that there was cheap what in America?

FARMLAND

37

In 1862, the government encouraged people moving to the plains by doing what?

passing the Homestead Act

38

How much did you pay to file for a homestead and how much land did you get?

$10 and 160 acres

39

Who lost their homesteads due to a combination of drought, wind erosion and overuse of land

Sodbusters

40

Innovations in farming were what?

mechanical reaper, steam tractor, treshing machine

41

Wheat belt began at the eastern edge of great plains and encompassed much of the

Dakotas, and part of Nebrask and Kansas

42

What marked the end of an era

The closing of the frontier

43

First major clash began in 1862 when the Dakota Sioux launched an attack in

Minnesota

44

Sioux agreed to live on a reservation in exchange for

annuities

45

who led sioux uprising

Little Crow

46

what was the Lakota war called?

Red Clouds War

47

What chief brought several hundred Cheyenne to Fort Lyon to negotiate a peace agrreement

Chief Black Kettle

48

Where native americans were mercilessly attacked...

Sand Creek Massacre

49

Proposed creating two reservations

Indiam Peace Commission

50

What General was sent to the black hills in the battle of little bighonr

Custer

51

How many soldiers were killed in the battle with Custer

210

52

Who led the Nez Perce people?

Chief Joseph

53

Where were the Nez Perce exiled to?

Oklahoma

54

Native American resistence came to an end where?

on the Lakota Reservation

55

Federal authorities banned what

the Ghost Dance

56

After continuing to do the Ghost Dance the army killed who and how many native americasn

Chief Sitting Bull, and 200 Lakotas

57

The government tried to do what to native americas?

Assimilate them into western society

58

they divided reservations into individual whats?

allotments

59

In 1887 Congress passed what that failed to achieve its goals

Dawes Act

60

In 1924 Congress passed the what? granting all Native Americans citizenship

The Citizenship Act

61

policies of assimilation and allotment finally ended under what

the New Deal