US History Chapter 8 People and Events Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in US History Chapter 8 People and Events Deck (20):
1

proposal of addition to war appropriations bill. It proposed that in any territory that the United States gained from Mexico "neither slavery nor involuntary servitude shall ever exist."

Wilmont Proviso

2

group that opposed slavvery in the "free soil" of western territories.

Free Soil Party

3

end of 1849; 80,000 forty-niners had arrived to look for gold

Forty Niners

4

splitting of Henry Clays original proposal in order to get all the original parts passed.

Compromise of 1850

5

Any ordinary citizen can accuse and take runaway slaves into court.

Fugitive Slave Act

6

system of helping enslaved persons escape

Underground Railroad

7

most famous conductor of underground railroad

Harriet Tubman

8

book written by Harriet Beecher Stowe, that exploited slavery

Uncle Tom's Cabin

9

US paid $10 million for this territory, present day Arizona, and New Mexico

Gadsen Purchase

10

made Kansas and Nebraska states, and repealled Missouri Compromise

Kansas Nebraska Act

11

Coalition of whigs and democrats

Republican Party

12

man (enslaved) who sued for his freedom after his slave holder had him live in free territory

Dred Scott

13

making Kansas a slave state, Lecompton was where the document was drafted

Lecompton Constitution

14

Douglas said he accepted Dred Scott ruling, but argued people could still keep slavery out by refusing to pass laws needed to regulate and enforce

Freeport Doctrine

15

abolishionist, developed plain to seize the federal arsenal free and arm enslaved people, begin rebellion against slaveholders, led raid on Harper Ferry

John Brown

16

nominated by the solution democrats in the 1860 election

John C. Breckinridge

17

candidate for election from the constitutional union party

John Bell

18

one of the only forts to remain out of Southern hands

Fort Sumter

19

John J. Crittenden proposed several amendments to the constitution that would avoid civil war

Crittenden's Compromise

20

president of the Confederate State of America

Jefferson Davis