Chapter 15 Vocab and People and Events Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 15 Vocab and People and Events Deck (37):
1

a journalist who uncovers abuses and corruption in a society

Muckraker

2

a vote held by all members of a political party to decide their candidate for public office

Direct Primary

3

the right of citizens to place a measure or issue before the voters or the legislature for approval

Initiative

4

practice of letting voters accept or reject measure proposed by the legislature

Referendum

5

right that enables officials from office

Recall

6

the right to vote

Suffrage

7

laws banning the manufacture, trasnportation, and sale of alcoholic beverages

Prohibition

8

a proposed law to be voted on by a governing body

Legislation

9

to propose a certain position or viewpoint

Advocate

10

wrote "How the Other Half Lives", influenced mudrackers to reform

Jacob Riis

11

Republican governor of Wisconsin, supported direct primary

Robert M. La Follette

12

leader of NAWSA, tried to mobilize suffrage movement

Carrie ChapmanCatt

13

based on Charles Darwin's theories of evolution and natural selection. States that humans have developed through competition

Social Darwinism

14

settling a dispute by agreeing to accept the decision of an imparial outsider

Arbitration

15

Disobedience

Insubordination

16

to govern or direct according to rule

Regulate

17

having to do with the environment, the complex system of plants, animals, water, and soil

Environmental

18

Roosevelt's reform programs

Square Deal

19

launched a strike in Pennsylvania, 150,00 workers walked out

United Mine Workers

20

intended to strengthen the Interstate Commerce Commission by giving it power to set railroad rates

Hepburn Act

21

published "The Jungle" about conditions of slaughter houses in Chicago

Upton Sinclair

22

passed in 1906, required inspection of meat sold and set standards of cleanliness

Meat Inspection Act

23

prohibited the manufacture, sale, and shipment of impure or falsely labeled food and drugs.

Pure Food and Drug Act

24

appointed by Roosevelt to head the US forest service, established in 1905

Gifford Pinchot

25

a conservative corporate lawyer, tried to make a million acres of public forests and mineral reserves available for private development

Richard A. Ballinger

26

established by Taft, investigated and publicized child labor

Children's Bureau

27

a tax based on the net income of a person or business

Income Tax

28

trading practices that derin again at the expense of the competition

Unfair Trade Practices

29

associated with higher learning at a scholary institution

Academic

30

not in accordance with or authorized by the constitution of a state or society

Unconstitutional

31

Bull Moose Party, Roosevelt was presideital candidate

Progressive Party

32

program of reforms that protected women and children in the labor force and supported compensation for people injured on the job.

New Nationalism

33

Wilsons plan that went against Roosevelts, claiming Roosevelt supported Monopolies

New Freedom

34

created 12 regional banks to be supervised by a Board of Gov. allowing national supervision of bank system

Federal Reserve Act

35

monitor American business, looked for companies that used unfair trade practices

Federal Trade Commission

36

outlaws practices that restricted competition

Clayton Antitrust Act

37

pushed for African American voting rights, led by W.E.B. Dubois

National Association for the Advancement of Colored People