Chapter 13 Vocab and People and Events Flashcards Preview

US History > Chapter 13 Vocab and People and Events > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 13 Vocab and People and Events Deck (51):
1

cheapest accomodations on a steam ship, cramped quarters

Steerage

2

hostility towards immigrants

Nativism

3

one who enters and becomes established in a country other than that of their original nationality

Immigrant

4

relating to large groups of people classed according to common racial, national, tribal, religious, or cultural origin or background

Ethnic

5

tiny island in New York Harbor, where immigrants arrived from Europe

Ellis Island

6

journalist that first pointed out people in cities created small cultural neighborhoods

Jacob Riis

7

place for asian immigrants in California, where they waited for citizenship

Angel Island

8

law banned Chinese immigration for 10 years and prevented the Chinese in the country from becoming citizens

Chinese Exclusion Act

9

a very tall building

skyscraper

10

multifamily apartments usually dark crowded and barely meeting minimum living standards

Tenement

11

an organization linked to a political party that often controlled local government

Political Machine

12

person in control of a political machine

Party Boss

13

the aquisition of money in dishonest wasy, as in bribing a politician

Graft

14

something that motivates a person into action

Incentive

15

to cause an action that causes a greater reaction

Trigger

16

contributed to the design of the Chicago Skyscrapers

Louis Sullivan

17

one of New Yorks most powerful party bosses defended "honest graft"

George Plunkitt

18

leader of New York City Democratic machine (Tammany Hall) his corruption led to prison sentence in 1874.

William "Boss" Tweed

19

the thought that no matter what a persons background is, the person can still become successful.

Individualism

20

based on Charles Darwins theories of evolution and natural selection, states that humans have developed through competition and natural selection with only the strongest surviving

Social Darwinism

21

providing money to support humanitarian or social goals

Philanthropy

22

institution located in a poor neighborhood that provided numerous community services such as medical care, child care, libraries, and classes in English

Settlement House

23

causing someone to acquire American traits and characteristics

Americanization

24

scientific theory that humans and other life forms of life have evolved over time

Evolution

25

to make a document available to the generic public

Publish

26

era in American history between 1870-1900

Gilded Era

27

a gentler version of Social Darwinism advocated by Andrew Carnegie

Gospel of Wealth

28

Samuel Clemens, wrote Huckleberry Finn

Mark Twain

29

worked to get better conditions in cities according to bibilical ideas of charity and justice

Social Gospel

30

opened Hull House in Chicago supported settlement houses

Jane Addams

31

political movement founded in the 1890s representing mainly farmers, favoring free coinage of silver and government control of railroads and other large industries

Populism

32

a piece of US paper money first issued by the North during the Civil War

Greenbacks

33

the loss of value of money

Inflation

34

decilne in the volume of available money or credit that results in lower prices, increasing the buyings power of money

Deflation

35

a store where farmers buy products from each other, an enterprise owned and operated by those who use the service.

Cooperatives

36

tax based on the net income of an individual or business

Graduated Income Tax

37

note issued by government that promises to pay off a loan with interest

Bond

38

paper money used as a medium or exchange

Currency

39

plan or method for achieving a goal

Strategy

40

1890, Charles W. Macune was the leader

Farmers Alliance

41

Populists, wanted political reform

Peoples Party

42

democrat nominated that supported silver

William Jennings Bryan

43

governor of Ohio, nominated by Republicans

William McKinley

44

tax of a fixed amount per person that had to be paid before the person could vote

Poll Tax

45

the separation or isolation of a race, class, or group

Segregation

46

statues or laws created to enforce segregation

Jim Crow Laws

47

execution performed without lawful approval

Lynchings

48

different treatment or preference on a basis other than indiciduual merit.

Discrimination

49

launched a fearless crusade against lynching

Ida B. Wells

50

had African Americans focus on economic goals rather than political ones, educator, Atlanta Compromise

Booker T. Washington

51

leader of new generation of African American activists, wrote, the sould of black fold

W.E.B. Du-Bois