Chapter 12 Stress Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 12 Stress Deck (20)
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1
Q

What Is Stress?

A

Stress is the tension, discomfort, or physical symptoms that arise when a stressor strains our ability to cope effectively.

2
Q

1) Stress as a stimulus

A

Focus on identifying types of stressful events

3
Q

2) Stress as a response

A

This approach assesses psychological and physical reactions to stress.

4
Q

3) Stress as a transaction

A

This approach examines how people interpret and cope with stressful events.

5
Q

Hassles

A

Minor annoyances that strain our ability to cope—can impact us as well.

6
Q

Consists of three stages

A
  1. Alarm
  2. Resistance
  3. Exhaustion
7
Q

Alarm reaction

A

Autonomic nervous system is activated.

8
Q

Resistance

A

You adapt and find ways to cope with the stressor.

9
Q

Exhaustion

A

In prolonged stressors, our resistance can break down.

10
Q

Social Support

A

Social support encompasses interpersonal relations with people, groups, and the larger community.

11
Q

Gaining Control

A

Gaining control of situations can also relieve stress.

12
Q

Behavioral Control

A

The ability to reduce the impact of a stressful situation.

13
Q

Informational Control

A

The ability to acquire information about a stressful event.

14
Q

Cognitive Control

A

The ability to cognitively restructure negative thoughts that arise in response to stress-provoking events.

15
Q

Emotional Control

A

The ability to regulate emotions.

16
Q

Flexible Coping

A

Ability to adjust coping strategies as the situation demands is critical to contending with many stressful situations.

17
Q

Ruminating

A

Focusing on negatives

18
Q

Energy medicines

A

Based on the idea that disruptions in our body’s energy field can be mapped and treated

19
Q

Placebos and CAM

A

When placed against placebos, CAM does not hold up.

20
Q

Mind-body medicine

A

Biofeedback is feedback by a device that provides an almost-immediate output of a biological function, such as heart rate.