Chapter 6 Learning Flashcards Preview

General Psychology > Chapter 6 Learning > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 6 Learning Deck (18)
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1
Q

Learning

A

Change in organism’s behavior or thought as a result of experience.

2
Q

Habituation

A

Responding to a stimulus less strongly over time.

3
Q

Sensitization

A

Responding to a stimulus more strongly over time.

4
Q

Stimulus

A

Anything that can be perceived.

5
Q

Response

A

Automatic reaction to stimulus.

6
Q

Neutral stimulus (NS)

A

Does not elicit a particular response (sound of a bell).

7
Q

Unconditioned stimulus (UCS)

A

Stimulus that automatically leads to a response (Food).

8
Q

Unconditioned response (UCR)

A

Automatic response to an UCS (Salivation).

9
Q

Conditioned stimulus (CS)

A

Previously neutral stimulus (sound of bell) that becomes associated with the UCS.

10
Q

Conditioned response (CR)

A

Learned response to the CS (Salivation in response to bell).

11
Q

Operant Conditioning

A

Procedure for studying how organisms learn about the consequences of their own voluntary actions.

12
Q

Law of effect

A

If a response is followed by a satisfying consequence, it will be strengthened.

13
Q

Reinforcement

A

Reinforcements are outcomes that increase the probability of a response.

14
Q

Positive reinforcement

A

Giving a stimulus.

15
Q

Negative reinforcement

A

Taking away a stimulus.

16
Q

Punishment

A

Any outcome that decreases the probability of a response.

17
Q

Positive punishment

A

Presenting a stimulus.

18
Q

Negative punishment

A

Removing a stimulus.