Chapter 5 Consciousness Flashcards Preview

General Psychology > Chapter 5 Consciousness > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 5 Consciousness Deck (30)
Loading flashcards...
1
Q

Consciousness

A

Our subjective experience of the world and ourselves.

2
Q

The Circadian Rhythm

A

Our circadian rhythms are cyclical changes that occur on a roughly 24-hour basis.

3
Q

Non-REM Stages (1–4 )

A

▪ No rapid eye movements

▪ Few dreams

4
Q

Stage 5 (REM) sleep

A

▪ Vivid dreams

▪ Rapid eye movements (REM)

5
Q

Stage 1

A

Theta waves

6
Q

Stage 2

A

Sleep spindles and K-complexes

7
Q

Stages 3 and 4

A

Delta waves

8
Q

Stage 5

A

REM sleep

9
Q

Why do we dream?

A

Processing emotional memories.

10
Q

Freud’s Dream Protection Theory

A

Freud described dreams as the protectors of sleep.

11
Q

Manifest content

A

Actual content of dream.

12
Q

Latent content

A

Symbolic meaning of dream.

13
Q

Activation-Synthesis Theory

A

Dreams reflect the brain’s attempt to make sense of random and internally generated neural signals during REM.

14
Q

Narcolepsy

A

The rapid and unexpected onset of sleep.

15
Q

Sleep apnea

A

Caused by the blockage of the airway during sleep.

16
Q

Night terrors

A

Are sudden waking episodes.

17
Q

Hallucinations

A

Realistic perceptual experiences in the absence of external stimuli.

18
Q

Mystical experiences

A

Involve a sense of unity or oneness with the world.

19
Q

Hypnosis

A

A set of techniques that provides suggestions for alterations in perceptions, thoughts, feelings, and behaviors

20
Q

Sociocognitive theory

A

A person’s approach to hypnosis is learned and based on attitudes, beliefs, and experiences

21
Q

Dissociation theory

A

A separation between personality functions that are normally well integrated.

22
Q

Psychoactive drug

A

A substance that contains chemicals similar to those found naturally in the brain that alters consciousness by changing chemical processes in neurons.

23
Q

Tolerance

A

More of the drug is needed to achieve intoxication.

24
Q

Withdrawal

A

Physical symptoms when use is stopped or reduced.

25
Q

Physical dependence

A

Drug is used to avoid withdrawal symptoms.

26
Q

Psychological dependence

A

Drug use is motivated by cravings.

27
Q

Depressants

A

Drugs that depress the effects of the CNS.

28
Q

Sedative

A

Drug that exerts a calming effect.

29
Q

Hyptonic

A

Drug that exerts a sleep-inducing effect.

30
Q

Sedative-hyptonics

A

Often prescibed to assist with anxiety or insomnia.