Chapter 12 Stress and Illness Moderators Flashcards

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1
Q

5 main functions of coping

A

reduce harmful conditions
tolerate or adjust to negative events
maintain positive self image
maintain emotional equilibrium
maintain satisfactory relationship with the environment

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2
Q

what is primary control coping and what is secondary control coping

A

p.c.c. = acts on stressor or emotions
s.c.c.= adaptation to stressor

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3
Q

what 8 subscales are distinguished by the ways of coping scale

A

confrontive coping
distancing
self-control
seeking social support
accept responsibility
positive reappraisal
planned problem solving
escape avoidance

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4
Q

dimensions for coping of Endler et al

A

task-orientation
avoidance-orientation
emotion-orientation

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5
Q

name the Eysenck variables for personality and the Big Five

A

Eysenck:
Neuroticism
Extroversion
Psychoticism

Big Five:
Agreeableness
Extraversion
Conscientiousness
Openness to Extraversion
Neuroticism

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6
Q

what did Kobasa research

A

he found a specific belief system in those that expeirenced a rich and resourceful youth
this manifested in feelings of commitment, control and challenge
this was termed hardiness

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7
Q

resilience and hardiness what’s the difference

A

resilience is more a disposition, personality trait
hardiness exists for a reason (nice youth)

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8
Q

What personality type exhibits the strongest emoitonal reaction to stress and is characterized by being easily annoyed and competitive

A

Type A

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8
Q

which personality type is called cancer prone

A

there are different subtypes
type c is most important: cooperative and appeasing, compliant and passive, stoic, unassertive and self-sacrificing

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9
Q

characterize Type D personality

A

high negative affectivity
social inhibition
cardiovascular disease prognosis

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10
Q

difference between locus of control and self-efficacy

A

both control mechanisms
- span different parts of coping response
- one is where problems originate and one is ability to deal with them

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11
Q

hope

A

person’s belief that they can set and achieve plans

overlap with dispositional optimism and self-efficacy

is motivational, bidirectional relationship with emoiton and is rooted in finding meaniing

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12
Q

depression and anxiety

A

their relationship with disease is controversial
depends ons pecific disease
with CHD has negative relationship about outcomes
may reflect underlying negative affectivity

influence via
physiological pathway
-carotoid plaques
- increased inflammatory cytokines
behavioral pathway
cognitive pathway
- rumination

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13
Q

name the two interacting factors that characterize social support as a variable in health-protection

A

structure of the social network
function of the individual in said network

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14
Q

name two theories that explain the way social support affects health

A

direct effect hypothesis
- good SS is helpful even in asbence of stress and low SS is detrimental even when no stress is actually experienced
buffering hypothesis
- SS exerts its effect in periods of high stress, when it acts protective by influencing appraisal and modifying coping

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