Chapter 4 Health-Protective Behavior Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 4 Health-Protective Behavior Deck (21)
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1
Q

what is adherence behavior

A

all acts that are according to what a healthcare professional prescribes

2
Q

compliance

A

patient takes medicine according to doctor’s orders
non-compliance is interpreted as either incompetent or willfull

3
Q

adherence

A

a doctor sticks to or cooperates with advice about medication in a more collaborative particioner-patient relationship

4
Q

concordance

A

patient and doctor fully agree what the treatment should be and the patient has been fully informed about possible side effects and outcomes

5
Q

non-adherence

A

less strict than non-compliance
non-adherence would be if a drug needs to be taken up to 60% of its dosis to be effective, then any less than this specific threshold should be considered non-adherence

6
Q

estimations of non-adherence by WHO

A

for chronic disorders ~ 50%
for acute and chronic ~ 25%

7
Q

reasons for non-adherence

A

personal factors: culture, age, knowledge, self-efficacy
condition factors: absence or presence of pain, perceived severity of symptoms, kind of symptoms
treament factors: number, type, frequency, duration of treatment unit, expense
socio-economic: level education, cost, access to dispensing pharmacy
system factors: communication possibilities in system, how accessible is healthcare made

8
Q

consumption of vegetables

A

vitamins, antioxidants, fibre, folic acid needed for healthy body
protective against cancer and some forms of stroke

9
Q

why don’t people consume enough vegetables

A

ageing population
focus more on what fills you up
lacking education
what gets taught by parents
culture

10
Q

physical activity is protective against …

A

diabetes mellitus
stroke
CAD
some forms of cancer
osteoporosis
obesity

11
Q

guidelines for physical activity

A

30 minutes moderate intensity activity for 5 days a week
60 minutes of moderate to vigorous activity every day
for those over 65 includes balance-enhaving exercise
get active gradually after period of inactivity

12
Q

demographic levels of activity

A

men generally more active than women
older women less active than younger women
children low activity levels
young adults more active than in the past decades

13
Q

regular performance of exercise

A

strengthens heart muscles
increase cardiac and repsiratory efficienc y
reduces blood pressure
reduces tendency to accumulate body fat
improves health for those already with complaints

14
Q

exercise as protection against mood problems and anxiety

A

elevated mood
procosia behavior
improved body-image
reductions in cortisol
surplus on endorphins
muscle relaxing

15
Q

what is more likely upheld? intense or moderate exercise

A

moderate
intense is difficult to uphold and tends to have aversive consequences

16
Q

exercise and cognitive function

A

shift in cognitive decline in dementia and Alzheimer’s
psychological benefits for chronic patients

17
Q

negative aspects of exercise

A

dependence
deprival can lead to mood problems and anxiety
is element of control for those that lack it otherwise - problematic if you can’t do sport s
long term effects relate to muscle wastage

18
Q

purpose of Health-screening behavior

A

identify risk factors
detection of early asymptomatic signs of disease for treatment

19
Q

height of interest in getting screened for hereditary kinds of cancer

A

high - 60-80%

20
Q

criteria for establishing screening program

A

condition is important helath problem in population,
recognizable early stage of condition,
treatment at early stage has clear benefit,
suitable test available
test agreeable for population
costs

21
Q

factors associated with non-uptake of screening

A

low educational and income levels
age
embarrassment regardign the procedures
anxiety about outcome
fear of pain or discomfort in procedure