Chapter 13 (4&5) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13 (4&5) Deck (32):
1

what was a movment to increase farmer's political power and to work for legislation in their interest?

Populism

2

During the Civil War the government issued million of dollars in what?

Greenbacks

3

The increase of money supply without an increase in goods for sale causes what

Inflations

4

What did the government do to get inflation under control?

stopped printing greenbacks, began repaying bonds, and stopped making silver coins

5

Who founded the first national farm organization ( Patrons or Husbandry, or the Grange)

Oliver H. Kelley

6

Grangers pressured legislatures to regulat what

railroad and warehouse rates

7

As the Grange began to fall apart, what began to form>

Farmer's Alliance

8

Who was the leader of the Farmers Alliance?

Charles W. Macune

9

Members of the Kansas Alliance formed the what?

Peoples Party (populists)

10

Who did the populists nominate to run for president in 1892?

James B. Weaver

11

What was the ratio of silver ounces to gold, in value

1 to 16

12

Populists endorsed what?

graduated income tax, proposals designed to appeal and organize labor

13

Who won between William Jennings Bryan and William Mckinley?

William McKinley

14

One specific problem that greatly concerned farmers was the nations...

currency

15

Greenback could not be exchanged for what or what

silver or gold

16

Some people particularly those in the west wanted the government to...

mint silver coins

17

What pooled farmer's crops and held them off the market in order to force prices up?

Cooperatives

18

Who became convinced the African Americans would never be given a chance to better themselves?

Benjamin Singleton

19

African Americans were encouraged to move where?

To Kansas

20

Afriacn American Farmers established the...

Colored Farmers National Alliance

21

Election officials began using various method to make it practically impossible to African Americans to do what?

Vote

22

What section began imposing voting restrictions first?

The South

23

What state began requiring all people to pay a poll tax, and how much was it.

Mississippi, and $2

24

Mississippi also instuted a __________ that one had to pass before voting

literacy test

25

After all the restictions were made, what happened to voter turnout?

it decreased

26

In 1883 what act was overturned?

Civil Rights Act of 1875

27

What court case was it where the Supreme Court set out a new doctrine of " separate but equal" facilities were allowed?

Plessy v. Ferguson

28

How many lunching occured on average per year?

187

29

Who launched a crusade against lynching?

Ida B. Wells

30

who fought a lifelong battle against lynching, racism, and sexism

Mary Church Terrell

31

What does NAACP stand for?

National Assocation for the Advancement of Colored Peopled

32

Who saw no advantage in given up civil rights, not even temporarily?

W.E.B. Du-Bois