Chapter 13 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13 Vocab Deck (26):
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Gunpowder empires

Most empires after 1450, called so because they used advanced technology to subjugate their rivals

1

Osman

The founder of the Ottoman Empire, a Turk whose group was in Anatolia by the 1200s, but only rose to power in the 1400s after the kahnate of Jagadi crumbled

2

Suleiman the Magnificent

An Ottoman leader(1520-1566) who tried to take much of europe(stopped at Vienna bc winter) and expanded the empire(Venice into tribute state)

3

Janissaries

The infantry/bureaucrats of the Ottoman Empire, who were made through devshirme(Christians contributed boys, who were trained). They got guns, while cavalry didn't, and by the 1500s had a high place in society

4

Devshirme

The ottoman system in which they took Christian boys, converted them to islam and trained them to be either bureaucrats of infantry

5

Vizier

Administrative heads who helped sultans and took care of the easy day jobs. Related to ottomans

6

Imam

Heirs of Muhammad(in the shi'te view). Existed until the 800s, when the 12th one dissapeared

7

Hidden imam

The 12th imam, who disappeared as a child in the 800s

8

Ismail

An early Safavid leader who emerged in the early 1500s, and established the Safavid empire

9

Twelver Shi'ism

The religion of the Safavid empire

10

Quizilbash

Safavid "redheads" for their turbans. Best warriors, cavalry with swords and knives. Fought ottoman janissaries in 1514

11

Chaldiran

Where the Ottomans kicked Safavid butt in 1514, bc they had guns and Safavids had knives

12

Shah Abbas I

A Safavid ruler from 1588-1629. He used Russian boys as "slave infantrymen", grew the army, and was interested in technology

13

Isfahan

The Safavid Capitol city, in inland Iran(far from oceanic trade). Famous for rugs, has guilds, but not cosmopolitan

14

Mullahs

Safavid mosque leaders, who were supervised by the government

15

Babur

A descendant of Genghis Kahn, who founded the Mughal empire in 1523(probably driven to attack India by the loss of homeland+living up to relatives)

16

Akbar

Babur's grandson, ruled from 1555-1605. Under his rule Mughal=great

17

Aurangzeb

A Mughal leader, devout Muslim, who reinstated a bunch of restrictions on Hindu ppl and generally messed a lot of stuff up in the late 1600

18

Taj Mahal

A tomb built for Mumtaz Mahal by her husband, shah Jahan

19

Sati

The Hindu practice of widow suicide by throwing themselves on their husbands' pires

20

Purdah

Seclusion of women

21

Divine Faith

Alkbar's attempt to combine a bunch of religions. It didn't work.

22

Nanuk

The first guru of Sikhism, who used both Hinduism and islam

23

Guru

Sikh religious leader

24

Army of the pure

An army that the tenth guru lead against the Mughals in the 1700s after his father was beheaded

25

Fatehpur Sikri

The Capitol city that Akbar built from scratch (Mughal)