Chapter 9 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9 Vocab Deck (13):
0

Ghana

This African states rose by the 700s in western Sudan, traded gold , and had Muslim kings. It's demise was helped by its defeat by the Berbers in 1076

1

Africanity

The fact that many African states shared animistic beliefs, used masks,drummed, and danced, and had isolated kings

2

Great Zimbabwe

This state was in central Africa, its main export was gold, and had a magnificent stone Capitol city where it's kings controlled and taxed trade from, rose by the 1200s

3

These were common throughout the empires of western Sudan:they were master storytellers and advisors

Griots

4

Hausa states

These states rose to power in the 1400s, existed in central Africa

5

Mali

This empire rose in the mid 1200s, until 1450 when its power waned. It was founded by Sundiata, had Muslim kings, and was larger and more powerful than Ghana. Mansa musa was also here(western Sudan)

6

Mansa musa

He ruled Mali from 1312-1337, and was sundiata's grand-nephew. He made a hijrah to Mecca, distrubuted tons of gold to Cairo and brought ppl back to Sudan w him(built madrasas)

7

These rains and winds alternate in the areas around the Indian Ocean

Monsoons

8

Songhay

This empire began establishing itself in the 600s, but only rose in the 1400s when Mali collapsed. Their leaders(Sunni Ali) were Muslim and liked islam(built madrasas, libraries). Killed by morrocan muslims with muskets

9

These societies were common in Africa, were based on on kinship relationships within villages(made up of large extended families) and were fairly self-sufficient(little trade)

Stateless societies

10

He was the founder of Mali, called the "lion-king"

Sundiata

11

This eastern African coastal area was named after the language commonly spoken there. It was an important place for trade/islam

The "Swahili Coast"

12

This Islamic state established by Mahmud's successors in the 1100s and controlled most of India

The Delhi Sultanate