Flashcards in Wood 5 Vocab Deck (36):
Muhammad's successor, who ordered the compilation of the Qu'ran
The religious belief in which spirits reside in ordinary objects
The holy shrine to Allah in the Ka'ba
The black stone
The leader of the Islamic empire
Confession of faith, prayer, fasting, alms, hajj
The five pillars of faith
A time when there is: reliable surpluses, specialized occupations, large cities, lots of trade, prosperity, science, art
A "golden age"
A collection of stories and sayings of Muhammad
A group of concubines looked after by a enuch
Muhammad's flight from Mecca to medina in 622
Means "struggle". Some believe that it is the sixth pillar of faith, and that it either means your own personal struggle, or the struggle to wipe out all other non-Muslim people
Spirits that early bedouins believed inhabited things
The huge shrine with shrines to many gods in it(in mecca)
The urban universities that translated and preserved writings of the Greeks and Indians
Special prayer towers on the mosques
A place of prayer for Muslims
The "prophet" who was born wealthy in Mecca, orphaned at 6, lived with grandpa, married his (merchant) boss, and had vision at age 40
The journey that Muhammad supposedly made in 621, in which he travels to Jerusalem to pray with other prophets, after which we ascends to heaven to speak with Allah, who gives him instructions about how the faithful should live
"The night journey"
Jews and Christians, called dhimmi, who were treated better than non-Muslims, but worse than Muslims
"People of the book"
The holy book of the Muslims, thought of as the word of god(written by 650)
The idea that Muhammad was the last of the prophets
Seal of the prophets
The Muslim law, decided by the ulama by the Hadith and the Quran
The sect of Islam that believes that only direct descendants of muhammad(people in his clan) could be caliph
The people believe that everyone could be caliph
The sect of Islam that believes in Allah being the one god, but does not interpret Muhammad's words literally
Means: "chief/war dude"
A book of literature about a clever bride who doesn't want to be killed so she tells her husband(the King) stories for 1001 nights
1001 Arabian nights
The religious scholars who interpreted the Hadith and Quran to make the shari'a
The collective of Islam
The area touched by islam(PCE unifying force)
A pilgrimage to Mecca
When was Muhammad born?
Who mediated Muhammad's vision?
The angel Gabriel
Muhammad was banned from Mecca...
in 622, because the Quarysh ere scared of him. In 628 they allowed him into the ka'ba to worship, and in 629 he came back with tons of followers and destroyed all idols inside of it except for the black stone
When was the Umayyad Dynasty?
When was the Abbasid Dynasty?
750-1258. They fell when they began to depend heavily on the Seljuk Turks for military might, and named one of them "sultan". Everyone argued over the throne until Mongol invasion in 1258.