Wood 5 Vocab Flashcards Preview

AP World History > Wood 5 Vocab > Flashcards

Flashcards in Wood 5 Vocab Deck (36):
0

Muhammad's successor, who ordered the compilation of the Qu'ran

Abu Bakr

1

The religious belief in which spirits reside in ordinary objects

Animism

2

The holy shrine to Allah in the Ka'ba

The black stone

3

The leader of the Islamic empire

The caliph

4

Confession of faith, prayer, fasting, alms, hajj

The five pillars of faith

5

A time when there is: reliable surpluses, specialized occupations, large cities, lots of trade, prosperity, science, art

A "golden age"

6

A collection of stories and sayings of Muhammad

The Hadith

7

A group of concubines looked after by a enuch

A harem

8

Muhammad's flight from Mecca to medina in 622

Hijrah

9

Means "struggle". Some believe that it is the sixth pillar of faith, and that it either means your own personal struggle, or the struggle to wipe out all other non-Muslim people

Jihad

10

Spirits that early bedouins believed inhabited things

Jinns

11

The huge shrine with shrines to many gods in it(in mecca)

The Ka'ba

12

The urban universities that translated and preserved writings of the Greeks and Indians

Madrasas

13

Special prayer towers on the mosques

Minaret

14

A place of prayer for Muslims

Mosque

15

The "prophet" who was born wealthy in Mecca, orphaned at 6, lived with grandpa, married his (merchant) boss, and had vision at age 40

Muhammad

16

The journey that Muhammad supposedly made in 621, in which he travels to Jerusalem to pray with other prophets, after which we ascends to heaven to speak with Allah, who gives him instructions about how the faithful should live

"The night journey"

17

Jews and Christians, called dhimmi, who were treated better than non-Muslims, but worse than Muslims

"People of the book"

18

The holy book of the Muslims, thought of as the word of god(written by 650)

The Qu'ran

19

The idea that Muhammad was the last of the prophets

Seal of the prophets

20

The Muslim law, decided by the ulama by the Hadith and the Quran

Shari'a

21

The sect of Islam that believes that only direct descendants of muhammad(people in his clan) could be caliph

Shi'ites

22

The people believe that everyone could be caliph

Sunni

23

The sect of Islam that believes in Allah being the one god, but does not interpret Muhammad's words literally

Suffis

24

Means: "chief/war dude"

Sultan

25

A book of literature about a clever bride who doesn't want to be killed so she tells her husband(the King) stories for 1001 nights

1001 Arabian nights

26

The religious scholars who interpreted the Hadith and Quran to make the shari'a

Ulama

27

The collective of Islam

Umma

28

Dar al-Islam

The area touched by islam(PCE unifying force)

29

A pilgrimage to Mecca

Hajj

30

When was Muhammad born?

570 CE

31

Who mediated Muhammad's vision?

The angel Gabriel

32

Muhammad was banned from Mecca...

in 622, because the Quarysh ere scared of him. In 628 they allowed him into the ka'ba to worship, and in 629 he came back with tons of followers and destroyed all idols inside of it except for the black stone

33

When was the Umayyad Dynasty?

661-750 CE

34

When was the Abbasid Dynasty?

750-1258. They fell when they began to depend heavily on the Seljuk Turks for military might, and named one of them "sultan". Everyone argued over the throne until Mongol invasion in 1258.

35

What special kind of boat did the Abbasids use for trade?

Dhows, with lateen sails