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Flashcards in Wood 3 Vocab Deck (30):
0

Controlled Greece until 1600 BCE

Minoans

1

Controlled Greece from 1600-1200 BCE

Mycenaeans

2

When did Athens become a democracy? (Although not really, because only free males could vote)

In 510 BCE

3

Put them in order: Socrates, Aristotle, Plato

Socrates taught Plato, who taught Aristotle

4

Cyrus the Great

The first king of Persia. Either he or his son Darius I liberated the Jews from Babylonians exile. He set up a hegemonic political system with governors called "satraps"

5

What three art forms did the Greeks invent?

Drama, lyric poetry, classical architecture

6

Why was it easy for the Macedonians to conquer Greece in the 300s BCE?

Because they had weakened themselves by fighting each other in the peloponnesian war(431-404BCE)

7

Alexander the Great

Took power in 336BCE, died a few years later after taking both Persia and Egypt. After his death his empire was divided to his generals Antigonus(greece+Macedonia), Ptolemy(egypt), Selecus(Persia)

8

Who ruled Italy before the Romans?

The Etruscans, who ruled from 800-509BCE

9

When did Rome gain independence as a republic?

509BCE

10

Rome as a republic...

Senate of patricians, Plebians represented by General assembly(until they revolted and asked for representation, at which point they were given tribunes) and two consuls ruled

11

Rome under Augustus...(he came to power in 31BCE)

Called himself princeps(first citizen), reformed army and navy. Used "equites" to help him rule( hegemonic government). Made the "law of twelve tables".

12

Punic wars

A series of wars between Rome and Carthage(a former Phoenician colony) between 264 and 146BCE

13

What's a roman epic poem?

The Aeneid, written by Virgil in 19 BCE

14

Why did Rome fall?

A series of weak emperors, and a lot of pressure from Germanic tribes. The last emperor was deposed in 476CE

15

The Qin Dynasty

221-207BCE, liked legalism, well organized w good weapons, Shi Huangdi(First Emperor) standardized law and currency.

16

The Han Dynesty

206BCE-220CE, Confucian, "mandate of heaven", had monopoly on silk trade, scholar/bureaucrats("Shi" or "Mandarin") were high class, acupuncture was first mentioned in their records, calligraphy was an art form

17

Aryans

The natives of India, who migrated there in 1000 BCE from Indus River Valley civilizations

18

Brahmins

Priests and scholars, the top of the Indian caste system

19

Warriors and government officials, the second level of the Indian caste thing

Kshatriyas

20

Landowners, merchants, artisans; the third level of the Indian caste thing

Vaishya

21

Shudra

Peasants, laborers; the fourth and lowest level of the Indian caste thing

22

Jati

The sub-groups that each Indian caste got divided into between 600BCE and 600CE

23

The Vedic Age

In India from 1500-500 BCE, after the Vedas(Aryan religious texts)

24

Upanishads

An Indian body of religious works that spoke about how the individual spirit (atman) could eventually join the Universal Spirit (Brahman)

25

When did the Mauryan empire

In the 6th century

26

When did the Mauryan empire collapse?

184 BCE

27

Which empire came after the Mauryan empire?

The Gupta empire

28

Persians vs. Greeks

Persians ruled in Anatolia, but the Greeks were sympathetic w the anatolians. Athens aided a rebellion there, so Darius I sent troops. He was defeated by the Greeks at the battle of Marathon. Darius I's son, Xerxes, tried to kill the Greeks several times and failed.

29

Color in Sanskirt, the word first used by Portuguese sailors to describe the Indian caste system

Varna