Chapter 14 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 14 Deck (23):
1

Name two types of cells who's main function is phagocytic activity

Neutrophils monocytes

2

Name some materials that blood carries

C02, 02, waste, hormones, nutrients

3

List 3 functions of the blood

Transportation, protection, regulation

4

Blood proteins account for what percent of the plasma

77

5

The most common blood protein

Albumin

6

Blood is approximately what % plasma

55

7

Plasma is composed of about what % of water

90

8

The process of ingesting and destroying bacterial cells

Phagocytosis

9

An o,mature red blood cell

Reticulocyte

10

How many RBCs does the average person have uL of blood

5million

11

An inherited defect most common in African Americans that results in red blood cells that are distorted

Sickle cell disease

12

Appendicitis or an acute infection will cause a rapid increase in which the of WBC

Neutrophils

13

Which leukocyte are agranulocytes

Lymphocytes and monocytes

14

Which leukocyte are granular leukocytes

Neutrophils eosinophils basophils

15

Which leukocytes develop into cells which produce antibodies

Lymphocytes

16

What is the average leukocyte count per UL of blood

7500

17

What is the average number if platelets circulating per uL of blood

250,000 400,000

18

Fibrinogen and prothrombin are blood proteins necessary for this purpose

Blood clotting

19

In blood clotting, thrombin converts fibrinogen to this substance

Fibrin

20

If blood vessel cells are damaged they trigger formation of this enzyme in clotting's 1st stage

Prothrombinase

21

What is the process of dissolving small inappropriate clots called

Fibrinolysis

22

What is the condition that causes the accumulation of fatty substances which cause rough spots on vessel walls

Atherosclerosis

23

What is the straw-colored liquid that remains when formed elements are removed from blood

Plasma