Chapter 16-17-2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 16-17-2 Deck (23):
1

The force in which blood pushes against arterial walls during ventricular contraction is called ______ blood pressure

Systolic

2

The hollow center of blood vessels through which blood flows

Lumen

3

Lymph is very similar to this body fluid

Interstitial

4

Which type of blood vessel is referred to as a blood reservoir

Veins

5

The pulmonary circulation carries blood from the heart to the lungs and back to this chamber

Left atrium

6

The exchange of materials between fetal and maternal circulation occurs through this structure

Placenta

7

Name some factors that vascular resistance related to

Blood viscosity and blood vessel length and radius

8

At rest most of the blood in the body is contained in these vessels

Veins

9

In an overweight person, the factor most likely to increase systemic vessel resistance

Vessel length

10

A foreign substance that provokes an immune response in the body

Antigen

11

Which receptors are involved in monitoring blood pressure

Baroreceptors

12

Proteins that are produced by cells which are infected with viruses

Interferons

13

Baroreceptors to monitor pressure of blood going to the brain are located here

Carotid artery

14

List some functions of the lymphatic system

Drain interstitial fluid, transport lipids from GI to blood, immune response

15

All lymph in the body is eventually returned to the blood in this vessel

Subclavian vein

16

Slow resting heart rate

Brady cardia

17

Saclike dilation of the artery wall

Aneurysm

18

Stretching of walls of veins, especially around valves

Varicose veins

19

Inflammation of vein

Phlebitis

20

Low oxygen availability

Hypoxia

21

Persistently high blood pressure

Hypertension

22

Rapid resting heart rate

Tachycardia

23

What is the structure whose main function is exchange of nutrients and gases between the blood and tissue

Capillaries