Chapter 4 Flashcards Preview

Anatomy Physiology > Chapter 4 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 4 Deck (51):
1

Protection, support, transportation, binding, space filling

Connective

2

Communication, integration, conduction, coordination

Nervous

3

Covers body, lines organs, cavities and ducts, forms glands

Epithelial

4

T or F: epithelial has a good blood supply

False

5

T or F: Epithelial is arranged in continuos sheets-single or multiple layers

True

6

T or F: Epithelial has much intercellular space

False

7

T or F: Epithelial has a nerve supply

True

8

T or F: Epithelial grows and reproduces easily

True

9

T or F: Epithelial is attached to muscle tissue

False

10

Single layer for activities like diffusion, osmosis, secretion

Simple

11

Multiple layers for protection of tissue below

Stratified

12

Looks stratified but is not

Pseudostratified

13

Flat

Squamous

14

Cube shaped

Cuboidal

15

Tall and cylindrical or rectangular

Columnar

16

Changes shape from cuboidal to columnar depending on stretching

Transitional

17

Lines air sacs of lungs, where thin cells are required for diffusion

Simple squamous

18

Single layer of cube-shaped cells; found in kidney tubules

Simple cuboidal

19

Lines urinary tract, as in bladder, permitting distention

Transitional

20

Lines the inner surface of the stomach and intestine

Simple columnar, nonciliated

21

Lines mouth; present on outer surface of skin

Stratified squamous

22

Not a true stratified; all cells on basement membrane, but some do not reach surface of tissue

Pseudostratified columnar

23

Line upper respiratory passageways

Simple columnar, ciliated

24

Define the term gland

Consists of one cell or group of highly specialized epithelial cells that secrete substances into ducts, onto surface, or into the blood.

25

T or F: Connective tissue is the most abundant tissue in the body

True

26

T or F: Connective tissue have a poor blood supply

False

27

T or F: Connective tissue contains many cells and little space between them

False

28

T or F: Connective tissue has a nerve supply, except for cartilage

True

29

T or F: All connective tissues besides cells, contain ground substance and fibers

True

30

T or F: Connective tissue is found on exposed body surfaces

False

31

T or F: Connective tissue has much matrix between cells

True

32

Dense CT that forms tendons and ligaments

Dense regular CT

33

Transports oxygen, carbon dioxide, and nutrients

Blood

34

Contains cells that store fats and oils

Adipose

35

Part of dermis, forms membranes around bone

Dense irregular CT

36

Forms intervertebral discs, menisci of knee

Fibrocartilage

37

Connects skin to muscle, found around organs

Areolar loose CT

38

Supports and protects the body, forms red blood cells

Bone

39

Covers end of bones

Hyaline cartilage

40

Binding tissue that forms frame work for liver and spleen

Reticular loose CT

41

In lung tissue, allows stretching

Elastic dense CT

42

Tissue that gives support to the extended ear

Elastic cartilage

43

3 functions of fat in the body

Energy reserve, padding, isolation

44

Why does cartilage heal slower than bone

Not a high blood supply

45

Body membrane that line cavities not open to the exterior or that cover organs

Serous

46

Body membrane that line cavities directly open to the exterior

Mucous

47

Body membranes that line the cavities of freely movable joints

Synovial

48

Any body membrane that have a combination of an epithelial layer and a CT layer are called

Epithelial

49

Neurons

Convert stimuli into nerve impulses

50

Neuralgia

Do not conduct nerve impulses, protect and support neurons

51

Movement, contraction, elasticity, regulation of openings

Muscle