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Flashcards in Chapter 14 Vocab Deck (30)
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1

Found in association with oil

Natural gas

2

The amount of heat required to raise one pound of water one degree Fahrenheit.

British Thermal Unit (BTU)

3

The amount of work done by an electric current over a given time.

Electrical power

4

A coil of wire that rotates in a magnetic field or that remains stationary while a magnetic field is rotated around it.

Electric generator

5

The most common way to generate electrical power

Turbogenerator

6

A sophisticated paddle wheel, coupled to the generator.

Turbine

7

The constant supply of power provided by large coal-burning and nuclear power plants

Baseload

8

Result from a deficiency in available power and cause a reduction in voltage

Brownout

9

A total loss of power

Blackout

10

Unavoidable energy losses

Conversion losses

11

Waste heat energy discharged into natural waterways

Thermal pollution

12

Educated guesses as to where oil or natural gas may be located and how much may be found.

Undiscovered resources

13

a fairly accurate estimate can be made of how much oil can be economically obtained from the field.

Proven resources

14

The withdrawal of oil or gas from the field

Production

15

Conventional pumping which can remove only 25% of the oil in an oil field

Primary recovery

16

Involves manipulating pressure in the oil reservoir by injecting brine or steam that forces the oil into the wells. (can remove up to 50% of oil)

Secondary recovery

17

Obtained by injecting carbon dioxide which breaks up oil droplets and enables them to flow again.

Enhanced recovery

18

Predicted that U.S. production would peak between 1965 and 1970.

Hubbert's peak

19

A group of predominantly Arab countries that formed a cartel and agreed to restrain production in order to get higher prices.

the Organization of Petroleum Exporting
Countries (OPEC)

20

A sedimentary material containing bitumen, an extremely viscous, tar-like hydrocarbon.

Oil sands/tar sands

21

A fine sedimentary rock containing a mixture of solid, wax-like hydrocarbons called kerogen.

Oil Shale

22

A mixture of solid, wax-like hydrocarbons called kerogen.

Kerogen

23

A technique used to drill for natural gas.

Fracking

24

Acquired by inhaling coal dust

Black Lung Disease or Coal Workers’ Pneumoconiosis (CWP)

25

Synthetic fuels

Synfuels

26

"Business-as-usual”. They do not reduce vulnerability to oil price disruptions, terrorist actions, and global climate change.

Supply-side policies

27

Reduce energy needs making it more possible to move to a future in which renewable energy can take over.

Demand-side policies

28

Raises the CAFE standards to meet a target of 35 mpg by 2020

Energy Independence and Security Act

29

Combined heat and Power which refers to using a single energy source to produce both electrical and heat energy.

Cogeneration

30

New technology used to generate electricity.

Combined-cycle natural-gas unit