Chapter 3 vocab quiz Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 3 vocab quiz Deck (55)
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1

The study of all processes influencing the distribution of organisms and their interactions with the environment

Ecology

2

Entirety of a population that can produce offspring

Species

3

Number of individuals that make up interbreeding, reproducing group

Population

4

The grouping of plants, animals and microbes

Biotic Community

5

Nonliving chemical and physical factors

Abiotic

6

A grouping of plants, animal and microbes occupying space and interacting

Ecosystems

7

A transitional area between two adjacent ecosystems that has characteristics of both

Ecotone

8

A group of interacting ecosystems

Landscapes

9

Similar or related ecosystems or landscapes that are often grouped

Biomes

10

All species and physical factors on Earth functioning as one ecosystem

Biosphere

11

Abiotic factors that vary in space and time

Conditions

12

Any factors consumed by organisms

Resources

13

A certain level at which the organisms do best

Optimum

14

The entire span that allows any growth

Range of tolerance

15

The points at the high and low end of the range of tolerance

Limits of tolerance

16

Region between the optimal range and the limits of tolerance

Zones of stress

17

Factor that limits growth

Limiting factor

18

Liebig's law of minimums; studied the effects of chemical nutrients on plant growth

Law of limiting factors

19

Two or more factors interacting in a way that causes a much greater effect

Synergistic effects (synergisms)

20

Higher oxygen concentration (smaller range of tolerance)

Trout

21

Medium amount of oxygen concentration (larger range of tolerance)

Carp

22

Place where a species biologically adapted

Habitat

23

What, where, when an animals feeds, where it finds shelter, where it nests and how it responds to abiotic factors

Ecological niche

24

Anything that has mass and takes up space

Matter

25

Solid, liquid, gases

States of matter

26

The basic building blocks of all matter

Atoms

27

Atoms are neither created nor destroyed during chemical reactions

Law of conservation of matter

28

Consists of two or more atoms bonded together in a specific way

Molecule

29

Consists of two or more different kinds of atoms bonded together

Compund

30

Thin layer of gases separating Earth from outer space; major source of carbon and oxygen

Atmosphere

31

Water on Earth; source of hydrogen

Hydrosphere

32

Earth's crust; form of rock and soil minerals

Lithosphere

33

Any hard, crystalline, inorganic material of a given chemical composition

Mineral

34

Chemical compounds making up the tissues of living organisms

Organic

35

Carboon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Phosphorous, Sulfur

6 most important chemical elements (CHNOPS)

36

Making up living organisms

Naturally organic compounds

37

All other molecules or compounds

Inorganic

38

Anything that has the ability to move matter, has no mass and does not take space

Energy

39

The amount of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 gram

Calorie

40

Energy in action or motion

Kinetic energy

41

Energy in storage

Potential energy

42

Potential energy contained in chemicals or fuels

Chemical energy

43

Measures the molecular motion in a substance cause by kinetic energy present

Temperature

44

Measure of the degree of disorder in a system

Entropy

45

Lowest form of energy

Heat energy

46

Photosynthesis Equation

6CO2+6H2O----> C6H12O6+6O2

47

Cell Respiration Equation

C6H12O6+6O2----> 6CO2+6H2O+energy

48

Breakdown of molecules

Oxidation

49

Material of plant cell walls

Cellulose

50

Converts sugar to gases, acids or alcohol

Fermentation

51

Circular pathways of elements involving biological, geological, and chemical processes

Biogeochemical cycles

52

Water pollution problem when there is too much phosphorous in the bodies of water

Eutrophication

53

A number of bacteria and cyanobacteria that can convert atmospheric nitrogen

Nitrogen fixation

54

A group of soil bacteria that oxidizes the ammonia to nitrat in chemosynthetic process

Nitrifying bacteria

55

A microbial process that occurs in soils and sediment depleted of oxygen which converts nitrates to nitrogen gas and released back into the atmosphere

Denitrification