Chapter 15 Sect 3, 4, 5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 15 Sect 3, 4, 5 Deck (36):
0

Why did the nobles force King John to sign the Magna Carta

He raised taxes punished enemies and without trial

1

What rights were guaranteed by the Magna Carta

Trials by peers
you could no longer collect taxes without approval
and it took away power from Kings

2

Why is the Magna Carta important

More rights to people
government has limits
and framework for democracy today

3

What is a grand jury

Hey decide whether people should be accused of (tried for) a crime

4

What is a trial Jury

They decide if the accused is guilty or not

5

What is a region

An area with similar characteristics

6

What is a guarantee

To assure a promise

7

Did Philip IV deserve the name Philip the fair

Yes he had representatives and he divided his power

8

What does clergy mean

People ordained as priests

9

Why was Alexander Nevsky important

He defeated the Swedes and the Germans and became grand Duke

10

What is the definition of aid

To help

11

What is the definition of achieve

To reach a goal or prize

12

What did the first Crusade accomplish and what did the third Crusade accomplish

Crusaders captured Antioch and Jerusalem the truce between

13

What does mass mean

The Catholic worship service

14

What is Hearsy

A belief that conflicts with church teachings

15

What is anti-Semitism

Hatred of Jews

16

Who is Francis of Assisi

He founded the first order of Friars

17

What does theology mean

The study of religion and God

18

What does Scholasticism mean

A new way of thinking
reasonsto explore questions of faith

19

What does vernacular mean

The everyday language

20

Who is Thomas Aquinas

A Dominican friar and priest to wrote summa theologica

21

What is a natural law

A common sense law

22

What role did the Catholic Church play in medieval Europe

They were part of every aspect of life they were in charge / feared because they had salvation

23

What ideas developed in medieval Europe

Scholasticism architecture anti semitism

24

How does a dramatic decrease in population affect the economy

Trade went down
food prices fell
landlords start paying workers
peasants were free
it broke down the feudal system
serfs were free

25

What is the plague

A disease that spreads quickly and kills many

26

How many Europeans died of the plague between 1347 and 1351

19 to 38,000,000 people

27

Who is Joan of arc

A French peasant girl who led the French in battle

28

Who is Isabella of Castile

A princess married to Ferdinand of Aragon started Spanish kingdom and kicked Jews and Muslims out of Spain

29

Who is Ferdinand of Aragon

A prince married to Princess Isabella of Castile started a Spanish kingdom and kicked Jews and Muslims out of Spain

30

What is Crecy

The first major battle of the hundred years war

31

What is Orleans

The city that Joan of arc took

32

What caused the hundred years war

England and France fought over who should rule France

33

What was the Black death

A terrible plague they killed half of the European population
trade declined church became more popular etc.

34

What major conflicts affected life in Europe in the late Middle Ages

Re-Conquista
Black death
hundred year war
and Spanish Inquisition

35

Describe the development of government during the Middle Ages

#1 the jury system was developed; the grand jury (whether people should be accused of a crime) and the trial jury (whether an accused person was guilty or innocent)
#2 King John was forced to sign The Magna Carta which took away some of the king's powers & gave Freemen the right to fair trials by their peers.
#3 King Edward I called for a meeting of people from different parts of England to advise him in helping make laws this was the establishment of Parliament which was the first step towards representative government