Chapter 15 - Sparkling Wine Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 15 - Sparkling Wine Deck (29)
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1

What are two methods to make sparking wine

Bottle-fermented and tank method

2

What do you start with when making sparkling wine

Base Wine

3

What do you add during the second fermentation to creae sparkling wines?

Sugar and yeast

4

When in the wine making process do you do second fermentation?

Before bottling

5

What is yeast autolysis?

What happens to yeast during slow second fermentation and ageing - it digests itself

6

When do you disgorge? (bottle only)

You remove the yeast - traditionally you tip and jiggle so yeast cells slide into the bottle nech (RIDDLING)

7

How does the yeast come out in the traditional method?

It gets blown out by the increasing pressure.

8

What is dosage?

The amont of sugar added after yeast removal

9

What does the term Brut mean?

A dry sparkling wine

10

Is sugar added during the second fermentation of a Brut wine?

Yes, but we don't taste it because of the high acditiy of most sparkling wines

11

What do you call the method of removing yeast that relies on using a stainless steel tank and a filter?

The transfer method

12

What flavors do you develop in a sparkling wine because of bottle fermentation?

Yeasty, bready and biscuity

13

What do you see on a wine label if it was bottle fermented?

Bottle fermented, method traditional

14

What is Champagne?

It is an AC in France and the only region that can label a bottle as champagne

15

What are base wines for Champagne?

Pinot Noir, Meuniere, and Chardonnay

16

What is the flavor profile of a premium champagne?

Green and ctirus fruit notes (green apple, lemon) with high acidity and bready notes from yeast autolysis (bread, biscuit, toast)

17

What is the flavor profile of a premium champagne that has been aged?

You develop in addition to fruit and autolytic flavors, also vegetal, nutty or honeyed complexity

18

What does Cremant designate?

A sparkling wine made in France not in Champagne

19

Where are sparkling wines made in France outside of Champagne, and from what grape?

Samur in the Loire valley, chenin blanc

20

What is Cava?

Sparkling wine made in spain - must be the traditional method

21

Where is Cava grown?

In Spain in Catalyuna

22

The tank style for second fermentation is ideal for making what style of wine?

Fresh and fruity

23

Where is Proseco made?

North east italy

24

What grape is Prosecco made from?

Glera

25

What do the terms spumante and frizzante mean?

Spumante is fully carbonated and frizzante is moderately so

26

Where is the Asti DOC and what grape is used?

Northwest Italy Piemonte and the muscat grape

27

What is Moscata d'ASti

Like an Asti but less alcohol, less carbonation, more sweet

28

What is Sekt and where does it come from?

This is the German word for sparkling wine and it can come from any EU country

29

How is a proseco different in profile than an asti?

Proseco is medium body with stone fruit while asti is light body with floral and fruity flavors