Chapter 16 Flashcards Preview

Chinese 202 > Chapter 16 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 16 Deck (71):
1

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

孔子

Kǒng ​zǐ

Confucius (551-479 BC)

2

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

偉大 or 伟大

wěi​ dà

great (of a person and abstract entities, in terms of significance, not for excitement)

3

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

思想家

sī​ xiǎng jiā

thinker, philosopher

4

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

教育家

jiào​ yù ​jiā

educator (distinguished and well-known)

5

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

儒家學說

Rú ​jiā xué​ shuō

Confucianism

6

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

儒家

Rú ​jiā

Confucian school

7

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

學說 or 学说

xué​ shuō

theory, doctrine

8

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

創始人 or 创始人

chuàng ​shǐ​ rén

founder

9

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

西元

xī ​yuán

AD
西元前: BC

10

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

春秋時代 or 春秋时代

Chūn ​qiū​ Shí ​dài

Spring and Autumn Period (770-476 BC)

11

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

分裂

fēn ​liè

broken up (of a country)

12

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

統一 or 统一

tǒng yī

unified (of a country)

13

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

魯國 or 鲁国

Lǔ ​guó

the state of Lu

14

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

山東

shān dōng

Shandong Province

15

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

個子 or 个子

gè ​zi

size (of a person); height (of a person)

16

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

高個兒

gāo gèr

a tall person

17

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

qióng

poor

18

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

成人

chéng​ rén

to become an adult

19

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

做官

zuò​ guān

to take an official post / to become a government employee

20

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

滿意 or 满意

mǎn​ yì

satisfied with

21

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

離開 or 离开

lí ​kāi

to leave

22

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

鄰近 or 邻近

lín​ jìn

nearby

23

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

旅行

lǚ​ xíng

to travel

24

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

同時 or 同时

tóng ​shí

at the same time / simultaneously

25

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

一生

yī ​shēng

one's whole life / throughout one's life

26

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

願望 or 愿望

yuàn​ wàng

dream, hope, wish

27

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

通過 or 通过

tōng ​guò

by means of, through

28

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

君主

jūn ​zhǔ

monarch / sovereign / ruler

29

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

實現 or 实现

shí xiàn

to realize (ideal, dream, hope, etc.)

30

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

理想

lǐ​ xiǎng

ideal

31

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

賞識 or 赏识

shǎng ​shí

to appreciate (an inferior)

32

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

才能

cái ​néng

talent / ability / capacity

33

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

最後 or 最后

zuì ​hòu

in the end

34

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

失望

shī​ wàng

"lose hope", to be dissapointed

35

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

家鄉 or 家乡

jiā ​xiāng

home, area in which one was born or grew up

36

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

公元

gōng​ yuán

AD

37

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

機會 or 机会

jī​ huì

opportunity / chance / occasion

38

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

卻 or 却

què

but (written)

39

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

主流

zhǔ ​liú

main current

40

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

朝代

cháo ​dài

dynasty / reign (of a king)

41

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

傳說 or 传说

chuán ​shuō

according to tradition

42

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

論語 or 论语

Lún yü

The Analects (of Confucius)

43

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

凡是

fán ​shì

whoever...; whatever...

44

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

受教育

shòu jiào ​yù

to receive education, to be educated

45

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

注意

zhù ​yì

V: to pay attention to
N: attention

46

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

孝順 or 孝顺

xiào ​shùn

VO: to show filial devotion to one's parents
Adj: to be filial (to parents)

47

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

耶穌 or 耶稣

Yē​ sū

Jesus

48

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

敵人 or 敌人

dí​ rén

enemy

49

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

左臉 or 左脸

Zuǒ liǎn

left cheek

50

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

轉 or 转

zhuǎn

to turn

51

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

hèn

to hate / to regret

52

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

特別 or 特别

tè​ bié

Adv: especially
Adj: special

53

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

實際 or 实际

shí ​jì

realistic, practical

54

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

做不到

zuò​ bù dào

cannot be accomplished

55

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

教訓 or 教训

jiào ​xùn

a teaching, a lesson

56

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

舊 or 旧

jiù

old

57

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

秩序

zhì ​xù

order, sequence, here: social order

58

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

有權 or 有权

yǒu​ quán

powerful, authoritative

59

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

有勢 or 有势

yǒu ​shì

powerful

60

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

有利

yǒu ​lì

advantaeous

61

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

有學問 or 有学问

yǒu ​xué​ wèn

erudite / learned

62

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

學者 or 学者

xué ​zhě

scholar

63

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

古代

gǔ ​dài

ancient era or period

64

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

經典 or 经典

jīng ​diǎn

(Chinese) classics

65

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

整理

zhěng ​lǐ

to put in order, to organize

66

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

活動 or 活动

huó ​dòng

activities

67

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

以及

yǐ ​jí

as well as; and (literally)

68

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

當時 or 当时

dāng ​shí

at that time

69

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

漢朝 or 汉朝

Hàn ​cháo

Han Dynasty (206 BC-220 AD)

70

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

學術思想 or 学术思想

xué ​shù sī ​xiǎng

academic philosophy

71

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

代表

dài​ biǎo

N: representative
V: to represent