Chapter 17 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 17 Deck (63):
1

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

長城 or 长城

Cháng​ chéng

the Great Wall

2

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

運河 or 运河

yùn​ hé

the Grand Canal, canal

3

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

工程

gōng ​chéng

construction; engineering

4

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

萬里長城 or 万里长城

Wàn ​lǐ​ Cháng ​chéng

the Great Wall

5

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

全長 or 全长

quán​ cháng

entire length

6

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

公里

gōng ​lǐ

kilometer

7

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

zhào

according to

8

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

一般

yī​ bān

general; ordinary

9

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

說法 or 说法

shuō ​fǎ

way of saying

10

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

秦始皇

Qín​ Shǐ ​huáng

The First Emperor of the Ch'in dynasty
Qin Shihuang (259-210 BC), the first emperor

11

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

jiàn

to construct, to build

12

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

大多

dà ​duō

mostly, for the most part

13

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

明代

Míng ​dài

the Ming dynasty (1368-1644)

14

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

修築 or 修筑

xiū​ zhù

to build, to construct

15

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

防止

fáng ​zhǐ

to prevent / to guard against

16

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

北方

běi ​fāng

norhtern part; the North

17

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

南邊 or 南边

nán​ bian

south

18

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

到底

dào​ dǐ

in actuality, after all

19

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

起作用

qǐ zuò ​yòng

to show effect

20

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

táo

to escape

21

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

外患

wài ​huàn

foreign trouble

22

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

宋朝

Sòng ​cháo

Song Dynasty (960-1279)

23

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

整個 or 整个

zhěng​ gè

the whole

24

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

wáng

perish (e.g., dynasty, country, etc.)

25

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

蒙古人

Měng ​gǔ ​rén

a Mongolian

26

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

認為 or 认为

rèn​ wéi

to think, to have the opinion that..., to consider (something to be true)

27

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

國防 or 国防

guó ​fáng

national defense

28

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

軍事 or 军事

jūn ​shì

military affairs

29

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

意義 or 意义

yì ​yì

significance

30

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

極小 or 极小

jí ​xiǎo

extremely small

31

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

wǎng

Prep: toward

32

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

發展 or 发展

fā ​zhǎn

N: development
V: to develope

33

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

以北

yǐ ​běi

(to the) north of.....

34

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

以南

yǐ​ nán

(to the) south of...

35

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

落後 or 落后

luò​ hòu

underdeveloped; (has fallen) behind

36

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

地理

dì ​lǐ

geography

37

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

緣故 or 缘故

yuán ​gù

reason

38

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

流血流汗

liú xuè liú hàn

"bleeding and sweating", with great suffering

39

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

大運河 or 大运河

Dà​ Yùn​ hé

The Grand Canal

40

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

人工

rén ​gōng

manpower; man-made; artificial

41

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

開建 or 开建

kāi jiàn

to open up and build

42

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

河流

hé​ liú

rivers, formal

43

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

杭洲

Háng zhōu

Hangzhou

44

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

連 or 连

lián

to connect, to join

45

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

水利

shuǐ ​lì

irrigation

46

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

項 or 项

Xiàng

measure word for achievement

47

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

成就

chéng ​jiù

achievement, accomplishment

48

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

隋朝

Suí ​cháo

Sui dynasty (581-618)

49

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

中期

zhōng ​qī

middle period

50

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

交流

jiāo ​liú​

N: exchange, interchange, communication

51

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

建設 or 建设

jiàn​ shè

N: construction
V: to construct

52

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

鐵路 or 铁路

tiě ​lù

railway

53

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

Hǎi

sea

54

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

地位

dì​ wèi

position / status

55

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

不如

bù ​rú

not equal to / not as good as

56

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

無論 or 无论

wú​ lùn

no matter, regardless

57

What is the meaning and pinyin of this character?

貢獻 or 贡献

gòng xiàn

N: contribution (of something with significance and abstract entity)
V: to contribute

58

Translate this sentence:

秦始皇建萬里長城原來是為了防止北方的敵人
向南邊侵略

The first emperor of china build the great wall to guard against invaders from the North and the South.

59

Translate this sentence:

從秦、漢一直到明、清,沒有一個朝代逃過了北方的外患

Ever since the Qin Dynasty, all the way to to the Ming, Qing Dynasties, there is not one dynasty that escaped from Northern Aggression.

60

Translate this sentence:

長城不但沒有防止北方敵人進人中國,反而限制了中國人往北方的發展。

The Great Wall not only failed to guard against northern enemies from entering (invading) china, but it also restricted china's development within the north.

61

Translate this sentence:

不過,這些去參觀的外國人哪裡會想到這個古老的長城是千千萬萬中國老百姓流血流汗的結果呢?

However, will these few foreign visitors realize that this ancient Great Wall was the result of tens of thousands of people's blood and sweat?

62

Translate this sentence:

這是古代中國人民在交通和水利兩項工程上的偉大成就。

In ancient times, these are the people's two greatest achievements in terms of transportation and irrigation.

63

Translate this sentece:

因為開始建設鐵路和發展海上的交通,運河的地位就· 一天不如一天了。

This is because at the start of the construction of the railway and the development of sea transportation, the Canal's position was getting worse day by day.